Objective: To investigate the effects of a 12 week aerobic and resistance exercise on body
composition of adolescents with Down syndrome. Methods: A quasi-experimental study with 41 adolescents with Down syndrome, aged 15.5±2.7
years, divided into three groups: Aerobic Training Group (ATG; n=16), Resisted
Training Group (RTG; n=15) and Control Group (CG; n=10). There were two types of
training: aerobic, with intensity of 50-70% of the heart rate reserve 3
times/week, and resisted, with intensity of 12 maximum repetitions 2 times week.
Both trainings were applied during a 12-week period. The percentage of fat
evaluation was performed using plethysmography with Bod Pod(r)
equipment. Waist circumference (WC), body weight and height were also measured.
Paired t-test was used to compare variables before and after the exercise program.
Results: The percentage of body fat did not change significantly for both groups that
participated in the training intervention. However, CG showed a significant
increase in this variable (31.3±7.2 versus 34.0±7.9). On the
other hand, body mass index (BMI) and WC were significantly reduced for ATG (BMI:
27.0±4.4 and 26.5±4.2; WC: 87.3±11.1 and 86.2±9.7), while RTG and GC showed no
differences in these variables. Conclusions: The aerobic and resisted training programs maintained body fat levels. ATG
significantly reduced BMI and WC measures. Individuals who did not attend the
training intervention increased their percentage of fat.
This study aimed to perform a systematic review of studies that address the influence of physical activity on the quality of life and functional independence of adult individuals with spinal cord injury. The review was performed using data obtained from the MEDLINE, CINAHL, SciELO, LILACS, SPORTDiscus, Web of Science, Academic Search Premier, and PEDro databases using the following keywords: quality of life; functional independence; autonomy; independence; physical activity; activities of daily living; physical exercise; tetraplegia; paraplegia; spinal cord injury; physical disabilities; and wheelchair. Eleven studies met the inclusion criteria. Although there was a lack of consensus among the selected studies, the majority of them presented a strong correlation between physical activity and variables of quality of life and/or functional independence. Thus, physical activity appears to have an important influence on social relationships, functional independence, psychological factors, and physical aspects, which can enhance quality of life and independence in the performance of daily activities.
The influence of parental support seems to be an important factor in the adoption of a physically active lifestyle for young people with VI. Parents and children should have more information about the benefits and opportunities of physical activity. Implications for Rehabilitation Young people with visual impairment should be encouraged by parents to practice physical activity. More information should be provided on the benefits of physical activity to both parents and children. Professional training should be available to help support this group become more active.
RESUMO a inclusão de alunos com deficiência nas escolas regulares ainda é um desafio para professores, especialmente pela insegurança gerada pela precária formação profissional e falta de estrutura de apoio. O objetivo desta investigação foi analisar as atitudes dos professores de Educação Física em relação à inclusão de alunos com deficiência no ensino regular, bem como a influência do sexo, tempo de experiência profissional e tipo de deficiência dos alunos. Para tanto, 35 professores de Educação Física de 15 escolas públicas de Londrina responderam individualmente ao Teacher Inclusion Attitudes Questionnaire (TIAQ) - Questionário de Atitudes dos Professores com relação à Inclusão. Os resultados mostraram que, de um modo geral, os professores são otimistas com relação à inclusão de alunos com deficiência em suas aulas, embora seja destacada a falta de apoio recebido pela escola como uma barreira importante no processo. O tempo de experiência e sexo do professor, bem como o tipo de deficiência do aluno, foram fatores de influência nas atitudes, reforçando que mulheres com menor tempo de experiência, especialmente com alunos com deficiência intelectual em suas turmas, apresentam atitudes mais negativas no sentido da inclusão.
The peer-tutored programme was beneficial for adolescents with intellectual disability, particularly for those in overweight condition. The higher enjoyment found during PTPE may encourage exercise participation of students with intellectual disability.
Objective:The study evaluated the quality of life and burden of informal caregivers of people with intellectual disabilities of Florianópolis. Materials and Methods: Were used the WHOQOL-Bref to assess quality of life and the "Burden Interview" to evaluate burden. The data were processed by descriptive statistics and Mann-Whitney test was later applied for comparison between groups. Correlation between the components of quality of life and burden was investigated through the Spearman test. Data were analyzed with SPSS 17.0, with significance level of p <0.05. Results: The sample (n = 66) had a mean of 50.29 ± 14.91 years, being composed mostly by women (83.3%), mothers (56.1%), married (54.5%) and retired (53%). Caregivers have showed poorer scores on quality of life in the environment domain, followed by psychological and physical domains. The results have also showed the dependence and responsibility for the care with higher burden values. Conclusion: The data have showed that the higher the burden reported, the worse is the quality of life measured, indicating a direct relationship between quality of life and burden of caregivers. It has been attributed to lack of money, exceeded liability and dependence as key factors for fret.
DESCRIPTORSCaregivers. Disabled Persons. Quality of Life. Family Health.http://periodicos.ufpb.br/ojs2/index.php/rbcs
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