Oxidative stress is known as a major contributing factor involved in oocyte aging, which negatively affects oocyte quality and development after fertilization. Melatonin is an effective free radical scavenger and its metabolites AFMK and AMK are powerful detoxifiers that eliminate free radicals. In this study, we used porcine oocytes to test the hypothesis that melatonin could scavenge free radicals produced during oocyte aging, thereby maintaining oocyte quality. We compared reactive oxygen species levels, apoptosis levels, mitochondrial membrane potential ratios, total glutathione contents and expression levels in fresh, aged and melatonin-treated aged porcine oocytes and observed the percentage of blastocyst formation following parthenogenetic activation. We found that melatonin could effectively maintain the morphology of oocytes observed in control oocytes, alleviate oxidative stress, markedly decrease early apoptosis levels, retard the decline of mitochondrial membrane potential and significantly promote subsequent embryonic development in oocytes aged for 24 hr in vitro. These results strongly suggest that melatonin can prevent postovulatory oocyte aging and promote subsequent embryonic development in the pig, which might find practical applications to control oocyte aging in other mammalian species including humans to maintain the quality of human oocytes when performing clinical assisted reproductive technology.
Lauric acid is a bioactive root exudate component in crown daisy. Mi-flp-18 is a pivotal gene regualting nematode chemotaxis and infection. Lauric acid regulates the nematode chemotaxis and disrupts the Mi-flp-18 expression in a concentration-dependent manner
SLE might affect all aspects of life including sexual functioning; previous study found that body image disturbance (BID) was the most powerful predictors of impaired partner relationships and sexual function. The current study investigated the relationship among disease parameters, quality of life, the psychological status, BID, and sexual problems in Chinese patients with SLE. A self-report survey design was administered to 168 SLE patients and 210 healthy individuals. Our results showed that 86 (55.1%) SLE patients reported impaired relationships with a sexual partner or partners, and 100 (64.1%) patients reported impaired sexual function which were significantly higher than the control group (31.6%, 35.7%, rep.). Age, marital status, depression, and BIDQ were the most powerful predictors of impaired partner relationships, while BIDQ3 and education, disease activity, and depression were the most significant causes of impaired sexual function. The study for first time reported Chinese SLE patients had sexual problems and BID was associated with sexual problems. So, early detection and interventions might not only rehabilitate the patients and their loved ones, but also improve overall health outcomes and reduce the direct and indirect costs of their medical care.
bThe conventional hemagglutinin (HA)-and neuraminidase (NA)-based influenza vaccines need to be updated most years and are ineffective if the glycoprotein HA of the vaccine strains is a mismatch with that of the epidemic strain. Universal vaccines targeting conserved viral components might provide cross-protection and thus complement and improve conventional vaccines. In this study, we generated DNA plasmids and recombinant vaccinia viruses expressing the conserved proteins nucleoprotein (NP), polymerase basic 1 (PB1), and matrix 1 (M1) from influenza virus strain A/Beijing/30/95 (H3N2). BALB/c mice were immunized intramuscularly with a single vaccine based on NP, PB1, or M1 alone or a combination vaccine based on all three antigens and were then challenged with lethal doses of the heterologous influenza virus strain A/PR/8/34 (H1N1). Vaccines based on NP, PB1, and M1 provided complete or partial protection against challenge with 1.7 50% lethal dose (LD 50 ) of PR8 in mice. Of the three antigens, NP-based vaccines induced protection against 5 LD 50 and 10 LD 50 and thus exhibited the greatest protective effect. Universal influenza vaccines based on the combination of NP, PB1, and M1 induced a strong immune response and thus might be an alternative approach to addressing future influenza virus pandemics.T he conventional influenza vaccines that are available currently to prevent seasonal flu outbreaks depend mainly on the surface glycoproteins hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) (1, 2). However, HA-and NA-based conventional influenza vaccines sometimes fail to prevent flu epidemics because the HA and/or NA in the vaccine strains is a mismatch with that in circulating virus strains (3-7). Universal influenza vaccines (UIVs) that induce effective and long-term cross-protection and address the risk of mismatch may overcome the shortcomings of conventional influenza vaccines. Therefore, the development of a UIV capable of inducing long-term immunity and cross-protection remains a priority in influenza vaccine research (8).Influenza viruses are classified as type A, B, or C based on their nucleoprotein (NP) and matrix protein (M). Among the three subtypes, influenza A virus has been the target of UIVs, because the diverse influenza A strains frequently trigger influenza epidemics and pandemics. A previous study indicated that humans mount a good response to the highly conserved internal proteins NP, M1, and polymerase basic 1 (PB1) of influenza A virus (9); therefore, these highly conserved influenza A virus antigens are the basis of UIVs. Multiple studies have investigated the potential of NP (10-13), matrix protein 1 (M1) (14-17), and ion channel (M2, mainly M2e) (18-27) as alternative vaccine antigens for the prevention of seasonal and pandemic flu outbreaks. PB1 has also shown protective potential but requires further investigation for inclusion in UIVs. Košík et al. (28) constructed a DNA vaccine based on PB1, which provided some protective immunity in a mouse model. We previously constructed DNA vaccines ...
The overexpression of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) has been associated with the proliferation and migration of colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. We investigated the roles of KRT23 and hTERT in promoting CRC cell proliferation and migration. We verified the relationship between KRT23 and hTERT in CRC using streptavidin-agarose pulldown and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays. One hundred and fifty-four human CRC specimens were analyzed using immunohistochemistry. The roles of KRT23 and hTERT in cell growth and migration were studied using siRNA and lentiviruses in vivo and in vitro. Western blot and wound scratch analyses were used to determine the signaling pathway for KRT23-mediated activation of CRC growth and migration. Telomerase activity was measured by using the TeloTAGGG Telomerase PCR ELISA PLUS Kit. We identified KRT23 as a new hTERT promoter-binding protein. Patients with high KRT23 and hTERT expression had markedly shorter overall survival. Overexpression of KRT23 upregulated the expression of hTERT protein, hTERT promoter-driven luciferase and telomerase activity in CRC. Conversely, inhibition of KRT23 by a KRT23-specific siRNA repressed the endogenous hTERT protein, the expression of hTERT promoter-driven luciferase and telomerase activity. Overexpression of KRT23 also promoted CRC proliferation and migration. By contrast, KRT23 inhibition significantly inhibited tumor cell growth in vitro and in vivo. KRT23 promoted cancer stem cell properties and increased the expression of CD133 and CD44. These results demonstrate that KRT23 is an important cellular factor that promotes CRC growth by activating hTERT expression and that KRT23 is a potential novel therapeutic target for CRC.
Turnover level of Treg was increased in HIV-1-infected subjects, which is associated with immune hyperactivation and the disease progression, and may serve as a surrogate marker to predict HIV-1 disease progression.
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