Objective: To evaluate the effects of the carmine cochineal-resistant spineless cactus genotypes cv. Orelha de Elefante Mexicana (<i>Opuntia</i>) and Miúda (<i>Nopalea</i>) on the intake and digestibility of nutrients, ingestive behavior, performance, and ultrasound measurements of growing lambs.Methods: Thirty-six male (non-castrated) Santa Inês lambs were used, with an average age of 6 months and an initial average weight of 22.0±2.9 kg. They were distributed in a completely randomized design with 3 treatments (Tifton hay, <i>Nopalea</i> and <i>Opuntia</i>) and 12 replications, using initial weight as a covariate. The experimental period was 86 days, with the first 30 days used for the adaptation of the animals to the facilities, diets and management, and the remaining 56 days used for evaluation and data collection.Results: The intake and apparent digestibility of dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM), crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), total carbohydrates (TC), non-fibrous carbohydrates (NFC), and total digestible nutrients (TDN) showed a significant difference (p<0.05) as a function of the diets, with the <i>Nopalea</i> treatment (p<0.05) increasing DM intake (g/kg and % body weight [BW]), CP, TDN, and TC digestibility, whereas the Tifton hay diet led to a high (p<0.001) neutral detergent fiber corrected for ash and protein (NDFap) g/d intake, NDFap (BW %) and digestibility of said nutrient. There was no effect of treatments (p>0.05) on feeding time, however, rumination time and total chewing time were higher (p<0.05) for animals fed Tifton hay. The performance of the animals was similar (p>0.05). For the ultrasound measurements, <i>Nopalea</i> promoted an increase in the final loin eye area, compared to Tifton hay.Conclusion: The use of spineless cactus variety Miúda leads to the greater intake and digestibility of nutrients. The evaluated carmine cochineal-resistant spineless cactus genotypes are alternatives for semi-arid regions as they do not negatively affect the performance of growing lambs.
/agrariacad Metabolic profile and renal function of lambs fed with maniçoba hay replacement by spineless cactus. Perfil metabólico e função renal de ovinos alimentados com palma forrageira em substituição ao feno de maniçoba
The objective of this study was to evaluate the metabolic response of native lambs fed Tifton 85 hay (Cynodon dactylon) or Maniçoba hay (Manihot pseudoglaziovii) associated with spineless cactus (Nopalea cochenillifera Salm Dyck). Sixteen Morada Nova lambs were used, with a mean initial weight of 19.36±1.48kg, distributed in a randomized block design, with two treatments and eight replications. Dry matter intake was higher for lambs fed Maniçoba hay compared to Tifton hay, while the body weight at slaughter was not influenced by diets. Regarding the blood metabolites, only the serum concentration of urea was influenced, with higher value observed in the lambs that fed the diet containing Tifton hay. When analyzing blood biomarkers, in the different biweekly collections, a linear increase in the blood concentration of urea, glucose, fructosamine, alkaline phosphatase and sodium was observed, as well as a quadratic effect for serum potassium. The other blood metabolites were not influenced in function of the collection days. The replacement of Tifton 85 hay for Maniçoba hay does not cause negative changes in the dynamics of different biomarkers and presents itself as a promising forage resource.
The objective was to evaluate the intake and digestibility of nutrients, ingestive behavior, and performance of goats fed with spineless cactus genotypes resistant to carmine cochineal (Miúda or Orelha de Elefante Mexicana (OEM). Thirty castrated male goats, without defined breed, aged 12 to 14 months, with an average body weight of 19.0±2.8kg, were distributed in a completely randomized design among three treatments (Control - Tifton hay, Miúda, and OEM) and ten replicates; the initial weight was considered as the covariate. The intake of organic matter (OM), neutral detergent fiber (NDF) was highest in the control treatment, while the intake of NFC was higher in the OEM diet. Treatments containing forage cactus showed the highest digestibility of DM, OM, and NFC. The animals fed the control diet spent more time on rumination and total chewing, but the time spent feeding or feeding efficiency, and performance did not differ. The use of spineless cactus genotypes resistant to carmine cochineal (Miúda and Orelha de Elefante Mexicana) in a diet for goats, in the amount of 450g/kg of DM does not interfere with the performance of the animals and improves the digestibility of OM and NFC.
As espécies da família Cactaceae se destacam em razão de sua composição nutricional e ocorrência em distintas partes do mundo. No entanto, o uso de cactáceas como plantas alimentícias não convencionais (PANCs) ainda é pouco conhecido. Assim, objetivou-se investigar, a partir de uma revisão sistemática, a composição química e mineral, além da análise sensorial de duas espécies de cactáceas (Pereskia aculeata e Pilosocereus gounellei) como PANCs. Para tanto, bases de dados foram consultadas e onze artigos publicados nos últimos 10 anos (2012-2022) foram incluídos. Por meio dos resultados observou-se que as espécies Pereskia aculeata (ora-pro-nóbis) e Pilosocereus gounellei (xique-xique) são as mais utilizadas como ingredientes alimentares para humanos, assim como apresentam grande versatilidade, podendo ser consumidas in natura ou usadas na produção de diferentes alimentos, como pães, bolos, tortas, iogurtes, cupcakes e coxinhas. Além disso, verificou-se que as cactáceas representam uma importante fonte de nutrientes, como proteína, minerais e fibra, especialmente para alimentação humana, fornecendo nutrientes essenciais para adequada nutrição e saúde das populações. No entanto, ressalta-se que mais estudos se tornam necessários a fim de incentivar e valorizar o uso de cactáceas como plantas alimentícias não convencionais.
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