2011
DOI: 10.1007/s11013-011-9239-6
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Spiritist Psychiatric Hospitals in Brazil: Integration of Conventional Psychiatric Treatment and Spiritual Complementary Therapy

Abstract: In Brazil, during the XX century, dozens of Spiritist psychiatric hospitals emerged seeking to integrate conventional medical treatment with complementary spiritual therapy. This combined inpatient treatment is largely found in Brazil, where many psychiatric hospitals stem from the Spiritist movement. The present report describes the use of these spiritual practices, their operating structure, health professionals involved, modalities of care, and institutional difficulties in integrating spiritual practices w… Show more

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Cited by 33 publications
(22 citation statements)
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“…Psychography and psychopictography (allegedly painting under the influence of a spirit) may adapt more easily to an experimental protocol employing functional neuroimaging. In regard of psychophony, although it may represent a larger universe of potential research participants (great prevalence of "spirit release therapy" sessions employing psychophonic mediums in countries such as Brazil 70,71 and Puerto Rico 72 ), it offers obstacles to neuroimaging studies as it usually requires team work. In these cases, protocols involving EEG and ECG may be preferred as they allow researchers to record the event "in loco" using portable equipment.…”
Section: Comparison Of the Trance And Control Groupsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Psychography and psychopictography (allegedly painting under the influence of a spirit) may adapt more easily to an experimental protocol employing functional neuroimaging. In regard of psychophony, although it may represent a larger universe of potential research participants (great prevalence of "spirit release therapy" sessions employing psychophonic mediums in countries such as Brazil 70,71 and Puerto Rico 72 ), it offers obstacles to neuroimaging studies as it usually requires team work. In these cases, protocols involving EEG and ECG may be preferred as they allow researchers to record the event "in loco" using portable equipment.…”
Section: Comparison Of the Trance And Control Groupsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…These AEs may be indicative of mental disorder or constitute non-pathological and even beneficial experiences [10][11][12][13][14][15] . Given the individuals studied sought help to deal with psychic experiences, it is useful to compare the profile of this sample against patients of community-based mental health units.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Mediumship can be defined as a group of experiences in which an individual (the medium) claims to be in contact with or under the control of a personality of a deceased individual or other immaterial entity 10 . Spiritism, akin to other religions worldwide, represents an important yet understudied provider of mental healthcare 11,12 .…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Both studies that exemplify health institutions that integrate spirituality into their care practices refer to institutions kept and managed by Spiritualist groups (LUCCHETTI et al 2012a;AURELIANO, 2013). These studies classify spiritual care practices offered in these institutions as alternative and complementary therapies.…”
Section: Institutions That Integrate Spiritual Carementioning
confidence: 99%
“…These studies classify spiritual care practices offered in these institutions as alternative and complementary therapies. One study (LUCCHETTI et al 2012a) makes an historical analysis of the contribution of dozens of psychiatric hospitals founded by Spiritualism followers and collects data from 6 spiritualist psychiatric hospitals, aiming to determine the offered spiritual practices, the working structure, health professionals involved, modalities of care, and institutional difficulties in integrating spiritual practices with conventional treatment (LUCCHETTI et al, 2012a, p.128). It is worth mentioning that Spiritualists believe that diseases, especially mental illness, can be caused by the harmful influence of discarnated minds (spirits), and if they are not the cause of the disease, they can be one of the factors associated with worse health outcomes.…”
Section: Institutions That Integrate Spiritual Carementioning
confidence: 99%