2002
DOI: 10.1590/s0103-64402002000200010 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: The relationship between dentofacial morphology and respiration has been debated and investigated from various approaches. The aim of this study was to verify the skeletal and dental relationship of mouth and nose breathing children. Thirty-five children, 7 to 10 years of age, were submitted to orthodontic and otorhinolaryngologic evaluations and were separated into 2 groups: 15 nose breathers and 20 mouth breathers. Each subject underwent a cephalometric radiograph analysis. Statistical analysis (Mann-Whitney… Show more

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“…This growth pattern seems to be a consensus among numerous authors in the literature 1,[12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25] . The Nper-Po variable studies the sagittal proportions of the mandible and we noticed a significant retropositioning of the mandible in the oral groups upon study onset (Table 1), in agreement with the publications available 1,[12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26] . For the frontal view variables, there were statistically significant differences insofar as the maxillary width is concerned, which stresses the maxillary atresia of the oral subgroups at the onset of the study.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
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“…This growth pattern seems to be a consensus among numerous authors in the literature 1,[12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25] . The Nper-Po variable studies the sagittal proportions of the mandible and we noticed a significant retropositioning of the mandible in the oral groups upon study onset (Table 1), in agreement with the publications available 1,[12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26] . For the frontal view variables, there were statistically significant differences insofar as the maxillary width is concerned, which stresses the maxillary atresia of the oral subgroups at the onset of the study.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
“…3,4 The main causes are allergic rhinitis, palatine and/or pharyngeal tonsil hypertrophy, and septal deviation. 3,4 Chronic mouth breathing may have several consequences, such as dentofacial morphological and orofacial myofunctional adaptations, [5][6][7] along with changes to body posture, 3,4,[8][9][10][11] pulmonary function, 10 auditory processing and voice. [12][13][14][15] In some cases, mouth breathing is associated with sleep-related obstructive breathing disorders, with important behavioral and cognitive impacts such as daytime tiredness, sleepiness, poor concentration and attention, and such children may often present learning difficulties and low academic achievement.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
“…Pode estar relacionada a fatores genéticos, hábitos orais inadequados e obstrução nasal de gravidade e duração variáveis. A criança que respira cronicamente pela boca pode desenvolver distúrbios da fala, deformidades da face, mau posicionamento dos dentes e postura corporal inadequada [3][4][5][6] .…”
Section: Introductionunclassified