2004
DOI: 10.1177/120347540400800603
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Cutaneous Effects of Smoking

Abstract: An appreciation of the adverse cutaneous consequences of smoking is important. Dermatologists can play an integral role in promoting smoking cessation by providing expert opinion and educating the public on the deleterious effects of smoking on the skin.

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Cited by 98 publications
(74 citation statements)
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References 105 publications
(20 reference statements)
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“…5 As for his lateral ulcers, the blood supply was totally disrupted because of the ischemic steal syndrome caused by an arteriovenous fistula 12 in the anterior tibial artery (which was incurable with embolization) and of the obstruction of the peroneal artery and anterior tibial artery probably caused by diabetes mellitus and heavy cigarette smoking, which aggravates ischemic intractable wounds. 13 The angiographic findings were consistent with those observed in Buerger's disease, with corkscrew images in the posterior tibial artery and the peroneal artery. 14 This patient satisfied Shionoya's criteria for Buerger's disease, 15 because diabetes mellitus is not an exclusion criterion, 16 as it is for Olin's criteria.…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
confidence: 84%
“…5 As for his lateral ulcers, the blood supply was totally disrupted because of the ischemic steal syndrome caused by an arteriovenous fistula 12 in the anterior tibial artery (which was incurable with embolization) and of the obstruction of the peroneal artery and anterior tibial artery probably caused by diabetes mellitus and heavy cigarette smoking, which aggravates ischemic intractable wounds. 13 The angiographic findings were consistent with those observed in Buerger's disease, with corkscrew images in the posterior tibial artery and the peroneal artery. 14 This patient satisfied Shionoya's criteria for Buerger's disease, 15 because diabetes mellitus is not an exclusion criterion, 16 as it is for Olin's criteria.…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
confidence: 84%
“…These changes increase the risk of more serious disorders and have a noticeable ageing effect on the body. Tobacco smoke released into the environment has a drying effect on the skin's surface and it reduces the amount of blood flow to the skin thus depleting the skin of oxygen and essential nutrients [77][78][79][80][81]. Squinting in response to the irritating nature of smoke and puckering of the mouth when drawing on a cigarette will cause wrinkles [82][83][84].…”
Section: Effects Of Smokingmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…In addition to facial wrinkling, smokers may develop hollow cheeks through repeated drawing on cigarettes; this is particularly noticeable in under-weight smokers resulting in a gaunt appearance. Smokers' skin can be prematurely aged by between 10 and 20 years and although the damaging effects of cigarette smoke on the skin are irreversible, further deterioration can be avoided by cessation of smoking [81].…”
Section: Effects Of Smokingmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Smoking is associated with many cutaneous manifestations, including wrinkles, poor wound healing, lip cancer, and psoriasis, 7 although an association between smoking and EIC development has not been reported. In our clinical practice, we have observed a high prevalence of smoking in patients with EICs, so we performed a case-control study to investigate the hypothesis that smoking is associated with the development of EICs.…”
Section: Conclusion Smoking May Contribute To the Development Of Eicsmentioning
confidence: 99%