2022
DOI: 10.1590/s0102-8529.20224401e20200101
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Brazilian Foreign Policy and Family Farming: Internationalisation Processes through the Analysis of ‘Forums and Arenas’

Abstract: Brazil’s federal government officially defined family farming (FF) as a public policy agenda in 1996; however, since then, Brazil’s foreign policy in the field of agriculture has given priority to the role of agribusiness in the export of commodities and its contribution to the country’s GDP and trade. While questioning the governmental narrative rooted in a dual agricultural structure (wherein FF and agribusiness would both be similarly relevant), this article also highlights the internationalisation processe… Show more

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Cited by 3 publications
(6 citation statements)
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References 15 publications
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“…Second, we should vigorously improve the organizational resilience of family grain farms. On the one hand, we can formulate and optimize a multidimensional and multifield regular response behavior plan for farms to cope with consumption crises and adverse changes in the competitive environment, construct and improve an emergency response mechanism for farms to deal with unexpected adverse events and conditions in the market that will gradually become a more mature response behavior plan for adverse changes, and improve the planning system according to the specific production and operation practices of farms in a timely manner; these measures will ensure that farms use efficient response behavior in response to adverse conditions and that these actions have good results [39]. On the other hand, we should introduce innovation into the organization and management mechanisms of the farm, adhere to the principles of unity and flexibility, strengthen the open coordination and connection of nodes within the farm organization, form a regular production and operation practice ecosystem with clear goals and unified actions, and optimize the allocation and scheduling of innovative human, financial, and material resources across multiple aspects, aligning them with the actual situation of production and operation [40].…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Second, we should vigorously improve the organizational resilience of family grain farms. On the one hand, we can formulate and optimize a multidimensional and multifield regular response behavior plan for farms to cope with consumption crises and adverse changes in the competitive environment, construct and improve an emergency response mechanism for farms to deal with unexpected adverse events and conditions in the market that will gradually become a more mature response behavior plan for adverse changes, and improve the planning system according to the specific production and operation practices of farms in a timely manner; these measures will ensure that farms use efficient response behavior in response to adverse conditions and that these actions have good results [39]. On the other hand, we should introduce innovation into the organization and management mechanisms of the farm, adhere to the principles of unity and flexibility, strengthen the open coordination and connection of nodes within the farm organization, form a regular production and operation practice ecosystem with clear goals and unified actions, and optimize the allocation and scheduling of innovative human, financial, and material resources across multiple aspects, aligning them with the actual situation of production and operation [40].…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…5 Among the scholarly community, certain aligned with the more established currents of Foreign Policy Analysis and expounded upon paradigmatic shifts in voting trends at the United Nations (UN) and bilateral diplomatic interactions (involving nations like the United States, China, and South American counterparts) (Casarões, 2020;Lopes et al, 2022). Others relied on transnational policy frameworks to unpack radical policy change and dismantling in specific foreign policy agendas, including international human rights stances (Silva do Monte & De Carvalho Hernandez, 2022) and international development cooperation and policy transfer initiatives (Grisa et al, 2022;Lima et al, 2022;Luiz & Milani, 2022;. Besides revealing the contours of (radical) foreign policy change between 2019 and 2022, this scholarship also highlighted instances of policy resilience and continuity amidst an aggressive presidential dismantling rhetoric (Casarões, 2020;Lopes, 2020;Morais de Sá e Silva, 2021;De Sá Guimarães & De Oliveira e Silva, 2021;Lopes et al, 2022).…”
Section: Brazil An Emblematic Casementioning
confidence: 99%
“…Yet the global circulation of Brazilian policy knowledge-and hence the international embeddedness of "Brazil-grown" policies, as discussed here-is not exclusively driven by official initiatives or state institutions and bureaucrats. As a matter of fact, a range of actors and individuals (including experts, representatives of non-governmental organisations, and international civil servants) acting alongside but also at the margins of official governmental initiatives also participate in the diffusion and thus internationalisation of Brazilian policy knowledge (Morais de Sá e Silva 2017; Porto de Oliveira 2017;Luiz & Milani, 2022;Lima et al, 2022;. Such engagement of both state and non-state actors in the global diffusion of Brazilian policy knowledge through actively participating in multilateral specialised fora and in development cooperation projects is key to the understanding of the emerging forms of transnational mobilisation to respond to radical policy change and dismantling from within state bureaucracies as well as from actors belonging to non-state policy and epistemic communities in the last years discussed here.…”
Section: International Embeddedness Through Policy Transfer and Inter...mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Engaging with the current global wave of de-democratization, these studies seek to understand how established policies, programs and systems decrease in both density and intensity. In Brazil, this field of inquiry has mushroomed in recent years, in response to the country's democratic backsliding (Sabourin et al 2020;Luiz and Milani 2022;Serafim et al forthcoming). Yet its application to foreign policy remains overlooked.…”
Section: Policy Dismantling and Social Participationmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Although Brazilian policies for peasant family farming go back over 50 years (Campelo and Bortoletto 2022), it was during the PT rule that family farmers, including peasants and their interests, decisively appeared in the public agenda, including foreign policy (Brasil 2013;Luiz and Milani 2022). That is, peasant interests were included in foreign policymaking, through the participation of individuals and organizations self-identified as peasants, as well as the representation of their interests by third parties -organized civil society and state bureaucracy.…”
Section: Opening-up For Peasant Family Farmingmentioning
confidence: 99%