2008
DOI: 10.1590/s0001-37652008000100006
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Abstract: Amazonian forest produces environmental services such as maintenance of biodiversity, water cycling and carbon stocks. These services have a much greater value to human society than do the timber, beef and other products that are obtained by destroying the forest. Yet institutional mechanisms are still lacking to transform the value of the standing forest into the foundation of an economy based on maintaining rather than destroying this ecosystem. Forest management for commodities such as timber and non-timber… Show more

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Cited by 85 publications
(62 citation statements)
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“…In this scenario, the influence of demand on spontaneous colonization received a weight of 1.0, whereas the influence of public policies on old settlements and on conservation reserves received 1.0 and 0.5, respectively. (2) Climate change mitigation: We consider public policies that cut subsidies and stimulate forest conservation through environmental services rewards (Borner and Wunder 2008;Fearnside 2008a). However, we depict a scenario with intensification of dry season severity as a response to climate change (Malhi et al 2009).…”
Section: Land Cover Change Scenariosmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…In this scenario, the influence of demand on spontaneous colonization received a weight of 1.0, whereas the influence of public policies on old settlements and on conservation reserves received 1.0 and 0.5, respectively. (2) Climate change mitigation: We consider public policies that cut subsidies and stimulate forest conservation through environmental services rewards (Borner and Wunder 2008;Fearnside 2008a). However, we depict a scenario with intensification of dry season severity as a response to climate change (Malhi et al 2009).…”
Section: Land Cover Change Scenariosmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Avoided deforestation is a means of transforming the value of the forest's environmental services into a cash flow that can be used to maintain both the forest and the human population that defends it. Avoiding emissions of greenhouse gases represents the environmental service that it is closest to becoming a significant source of income in Amazonia, while maintaining biodiversity and water cycling are potential sources of value over the long term (Fearnside, 2008c). Use of the value of the forest's role in maintaining the global carbon balance depends on a reliable quantification of the emissions caused by deforestation.…”
Section: I) the Role Of Amazon Forest In Global Warmingmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Nesse contexto, a região amazônica é o centro das discussões, haja vista que ela possui a maior floresta tropical contínua do mundo, provê inúmeros serviços ambientais e detém uma biodiversidade inestimável (FEARNSIDE, 2008;MITTERMEIER et al, 2003;RYLANDS et al, 2002). Contudo, o cenário de desenvolvimento aplicado para a região permanece na ampliação das fronteiras agrícolas apoiada na agricultura intensiva, acarretando sérios problemas à manutenção da diversidade biológica dela (VIEIRA et al, 2008;GAZONI;MOTA, 2010).…”
Section: Introductionunclassified
“…Contudo, o cenário de desenvolvimento aplicado para a região permanece na ampliação das fronteiras agrícolas apoiada na agricultura intensiva, acarretando sérios problemas à manutenção da diversidade biológica dela (VIEIRA et al, 2008;GAZONI;MOTA, 2010). Soma-se a isso o avanço das pastagens, que tem sido o principal fator do desmatamento na região, provocando perda de imensas áreas de floresta e de biodiversidade (FEARNSIDE, 2005;RIVERO et al, 2009).…”
Section: Introductionunclassified