We apply wavelet analyses to examine the impact of the Covid-19 fueled panic on the volatility of major fiat and cryptocurrency markets during January-May, 2020. There is high coherence between moves of the Coronavirus Panic Index and the price moves in Euro, British pound, and Renminbi currencies as well as movements of the Bloomberg Galaxy Crypto Index. The main conclusions for each index pair are quite similar and corroborate with our thesis that the cross-currency hedge strategies, which could work under normal market conditions, are likely to fail during the periods of global crisis, e.g., such as the Covid-19 pandemic. However, we document some important differences in currency markets behavior, which potentially could be used to design effective cross-currency hedges capable of withstanding adverse impacts of global financial and economic turmoil. Our findings could be of use for future development of financial policies and currency markets regulation rules.
Abstract. This paper contributes to the current debate on the empirical validity of the decoupling hypothesis of the Islamic stock market from its mainstream counterparts by examining return and volatility spillovers across the global Islamic stock market, three main conventional national stock markets (the US, the UK and Japan) and a number of influential macroeconomic and financial variables over the period from July 1996 to June 2016. To that end, the VAR-based spillover index approach based on the generalized VAR framework developed by Diebold and Yilmaz (2012) is applied. The empirical analysis shows strong interactions in return and volatility among the global Islamic stock market, the conventional stock markets and the set of major risk factors considered. This finding means that the Islamic equity universe does not constitute a viable alternative for investors who wish to hedge their investments against the vagaries of stock markets, but it is exposed to the same global factors and risks hitting the conventional financial system. Therefore, this evidence leads to the rejection of the decoupling hypothesis of the Islamic stock market from conventional stock markets, which has significant implications for faith-based investors and policy makers in terms of portfolio diversification, hedging strategies and contagion risk.Keywords: Islamic stock market, conventional stock markets, global risk factors, return and volatility spillovers, spillover index approach JEL Classification: C58, G01, G15
We investigate the connectedness of the most significant global equity indices that comprise companies with the highest environmental, social, and governance (ESG) performance. Motivated by the rapid growth of socially responsible investing during the last two decades, we examine whether these investments are prone to similar exogenous economic and financial shocks as their conventional counterparts. Employing a variety of influential macroeconomic and financial variables over the period 10/1/2007–4/15/2020, we document statistically significant and consistent transmissions between the employed equity indices throughout the sample period. In particular, the connectedness exhibits dynamic patterns during three periods: the European sovereign debt crisis, the systemic Greek problems, and the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic. We also find that developed equity markets are the shock transmitters to Asian and other emerging markets. Our results highlight the risk of contagion and the diminishing portfolio diversification benefits of these equity indices during turbulent periods.
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