Corneal astigmatism less than 1.25 D was present in most cataract surgery candidates; it was higher in about 22%, with slight differences between the various age ranges. This information is useful for intraocular lens (IOL) manufacturers to evaluate which age ranges concentrate the parameters most frequently needed in sphere and cylinder powers and for surgeons to evaluate which IOLs provide the most effective power range.
The majority of reported complications after ICL implantation are cataract formation. The improvements in lens geometry and more accurate nomograms applied to the selection of the lens to be implanted, in addition to the surgeon's learning curve, might be factors in the decreased occurrence of postoperative complications reported currently.
We reviewed recently published studies that analyzed the visual and optical quality in eyes with different spherical and aspheric intraocular lenses (IOLs). Recent studies focused on visual quality metrics, such as visual acuity and contrast sensitivity, under photopic and mesopic lighting conditions and optical metrics, such as wavefront aberrations, especially spherical aberration. The results in this review were used in an attempt to understand whether there is a visual and/or optical benefit of implanting aspheric IOLs over implanting spherical IOLs.
The aspheric IOL provided good functional vision at far and near, with lower performance at intermediate distance; good photopic contrast sensitivity and lower mesopic performance; and a low incidence of visual disturbances.
The 2 multifocal aspheric IOL models gave similar and good high-contrast visual acuity at distance and near. Intermediate visual acuity, also comparable between IOL models, was better than published results of a spherical IOL model.
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