The nanofluid flow and heat transfer within a heat exchanger, with different thermal arrangements of internal active bodies, are investigated.
For the numerical simulations, the lattice Boltzmann method is utilized. The KKL model is used to predict the dynamic viscosity of CuO-water nanofluid. Furthermore, the Brownian method is taken account using this model. The influence of shapes of nanoparticles on the heat transfer performance is considered.
The results show that the platelet nanoparticles render higher average Nusselt number showing better heat transfer performance. In order to perform comprehensive analysis, the heatline visualization, local and total entropy generation, local and average Nusselt variation are employed.
The originality of this work is carrying out a comprehensive investigation of nanofluid flow and heat transfer during natural convection using lattice Boltzmann method and employing second law analysis and heatline visualization.
This paper aims to investigate the two-dimensional numerical modeling of fluid flow and heat transfer in a fluid channel.
The channel is filled with the CuO-water nanofluid. The KKL model is used to estimate the dynamic viscosity and considering Brownian motion. On the other hand, the influence of CuO nanoparticles’ shapes on the heat transfer rate is taken account in the simulations. The channel is included with several active pipes with hot and cold temperatures. Furthermore, the external curved and sinusoidal walls have cold and hot temperatures, respectively.
Three different tilt angles are considered with similar boundary and operating conditions. The Rayleigh numbers, solid volume fraction of CuO nanoparticles in the pure water and the tilt angles are the governing parameters. Different cases studies, such as streamlines, heat transfer rate, local and total entropy generation and heatlines, are analysed under influences of these governing parameters.
The originality of this work is investigation of fluid flow, heat transfer and entropy generation within a nanofluid filled channel using FVM.
Numerical investigation of the effects of magnetic field strength, thermal radiation, Joule heating, and viscous heating on a forced convective flow of a non-Newtonian, incompressible power law fluid in an axisymmetric stretching sheet with variable temperature wall is accomplished. The power law shear thinning viscosity-shear rate model for the anisotropic solutions and the Rosseland approximation for the thermal radiation through a highly absorbing medium are considered. The temperature dependent heat sources, Joule heating, and viscous heating are considered as the source terms in the energy balance. The non-dimensional boundary layer equations are solved numerically in terms of similarity variable. A parameter study on the Nusselt number, viscous components of entropy generation, and thermal components of entropy generation in fluid is performed as a function of thermal radiation parameter (0 to 2), Brinkman number (0 to 10), Prandtl number (0 to 10), Hartmann number (0 to 1), power law index (0 to 1), and heat source coefficient (0 to 0.1).
Numerical study of the slip effects and radiative heat transfer on a steady state fully developed Williamson flow of an incompressible Newtonian fluid; between parallel vertical walls of a microchannel with isothermal walls in a porous medium is performed. The slip effects are considered at both boundary conditions. Radiative highly absorbing medium is modeled by the Rosseland approximation. The non-dimensional governing Navier-Stokes and energy coupled partial differential equations formed a boundary problem are solved numerically using the fourth order Runge-Kutta algorithm by means of a shooting method. Numerical outcomes for the skin friction coefficient, the rate of heat transfer represented by the local Nusselt number were presented even as the velocity and temperature profiles illustrated graphically and analyzed. The effects of the temperature number, Grashof number, thermal radiation parameter, Reynolds number, velocity slip length, Darcy number, and temperature jump, on the flow field and temperature field and their effects on the boundaries are presented and discussed.
Abstract:In this paper, the modeling of a steady state two phase flow heated through a vertical upward flow under electro-magneto-hydro-dynamic forces is presented. The thermal non-equilibrium, non-homogeneous, two-phase flow model consisting of mass, momentum and energy conservation in each phase has been adjusted for subcooled inlet conditions close to saturation. The P-1 approximation, viscous dissipation and Joule heating are included in the energy equations. It was seen that the Lorentz force can decrease and postpone the bubble generation, as well as affect the slip velocity, flow forces, viscous dissipation and Joule heating. Furthermore, two correlations for the slip velocity under magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) forces are presented. As shown, skin friction and Joule heating increase with the magnetic field strength.
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