The present study aimed to identify the perceptions of gas station workers about physical, chemical, biological and physiological risk factors to which they are exposed in their work environment; identify types of occupational accidents involving gas station workers and; report the development of a socioenvironmental intervention as a tool for risk communication to gas station workers. A quantitative study was performed with 221 gas station workers in southern Brazil between October and December 2010. Data collection was performed between October to December 2010 via structured interviews. The data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0. The participants identified the following risk types: chemical (93.7%), physical (88.2%), physiological (64.3%) and biological (62.4%). In this sample, 94.1% of gas station workers reported occupational accidents, and 74.2% reported fuel contact with the eyes (p < 0.05). It is concluded that workers perceive risks, and that they tend to relate risks with the occurrence of occupational accidents as an indicator of the dangerous nature of their work environment.
Descriptive exploratory study that aimed to describe the profile of a population less than one year old of age, assisted in the nursing appointment in Childcare at a Health Basic Unit, in Rio Grande-RS; and to evaluate the association between the nutritional situation and the presence of oral candidiasis, perineal candidiasis and irritative dermatitis due to the diapers. The sample was constituted by all the children's charts (96 overall) who were less than one year old and who were assisted in a nursing appointment in Childcare. Most of the children were girls and were found eutrophic; all the ones who needed a pediatric evaluation were sent to the proper evaluation; the irritative dermatitis of the diapers was the most frequent alteration, and it was associated to the unfavorable nutritional situation; breastfeeding took place, at most, up to the seventh month of the baby. The study indicates the need to sensitize the population to about the importance of childcare for the prevention of injuries and promotion of child health.
Estudo analítico com o objetivo de avaliar os fatores associados ao atraso no desenvolvimento em crianças entre 8 a 12 meses de idade indicadas como de risco ao nascer no município do Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Foram utilizados como instrumentos o Teste de Triagem de Desenvolvimento de Denver II (TTDD II), a avaliação antropométrica e questionários estruturados. Participaram 220 crianças consideradas de risco ou não ao nascer. Foi encontrada uma prevalência de 20,5% de suspeita de atraso no desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor. As crianças que apresentaram risco de um TTDD II suspeito faziam parte de famílias de mais baixa renda; eram filhos de mães que haviam realizado menos de seis consultas de pré-natal e apresentavam índice peso-idade inadequado. Os dados sugerem a necessidade de um replanejamento das políticas de saúde infantil, visto que outros critérios poderiam ser incluídos nas condições de risco para a criança ao nascer.
Conhecimento dos clientes com tuberculose pulmonar e seus familiares sobre adesão ao tratamento e fatores associados, no município do Rio Grande (RS)Knowledge of clients who suffer of pulmonary tuberculosis and their family members concerning the adherence of the treatment and associated factors in Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul State
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