The application of FTS can significantly speed up postoperative rehabilitation, shorten the hospitalization time, and lower the medical costs for 45-74-year-old GC patients, but this procedure does not show the same benefits for elderly patients. These findings suggest that we should carefully consider whether the FTS program should be applied to elderly patients with GC.
Electrochemical reduction of CO2 to high‐value chemical feedstocks, such as formate, is one of the most promising ways to alleviate the greenhouse effect. Unfortunately, the exploration of electrocatalysts with high activity and selectivity over a wide potential window (especially low potential for high current density) still remains a grand challenge. In this study, the fabrication of bismuthene nanosheets using an in‐situ electrochemical transformation strategy of monoclinic scheelite BiVO4 flakes is demonstrated. Catalyzing the CO2 electroreduction in 1 m KHCO3 aqueous solution, the bismuthene nanosheets exhibit a dramatically high formate Faradaic efficiency (FE) of ≈97.4% and a very large current density of −105.4 mA cm−2 at −1.0 V versus reversible hydrogen electrode. Significantly, over a record wide potential window of 750 mV from the initial −0.65 V to the applied minimum −1.4 V, the formate FEs of the bismuthene nanosheets are always higher than 90%, outperforming state‐of‐the‐art electrocatalysts. Both experimental and theoretical investigations reveal that, in comparison with •COOH and H• intermediates, the bismuthene nanosheets preferentially promote fast reaction kinetics towards HCOO•, which eventually accelerates the production of formate.
Electrocatalytic acetylene semihydrogenation is a promising alternative to thermocatalytic acetylene hydrogenation due to its environmental benignity and economic efficiency, but its performance is far below that of the thermocatalytic reaction because of strong competition from side reactions, including hydrogen evolution, overhydrogenation and carbon–carbon coupling reactions. We develop N–heterocyclic carbene–metal complexes, with electron–rich metal centers owing to the strongly σ–donating N–heterocyclic carbene ligands, as electrocatalysts for selective acetylene semihydrogenation. Experimental and theoretical investigations reveal that the copper sites in N–heterocyclic carbene–copper facilitate the absorption of electrophilic acetylene and the desorption of nucleophilic ethylene, ultimately suppressing the side reactions during electrocatalytic acetylene semihydrogenation, and exhibit superior semihydrogenation performance, with faradaic efficiencies of ≥98 % under pure acetylene flow. Even in a crude ethylene feed containing 1 % acetylene (1 × 104 ppm), N–heterocyclic carbene–copper affords a specific selectivity of >99 % during a 100–h stability test, continuous ethylene production with only ~30 ppm acetylene, a large space velocity of up to 9.6 × 105 mL·gcat−1·h−1, and a turnover frequency of 2.1 × 10−2 s−1, dramatically outperforming currently reported thermocatalysts.
Protein imprinting technology is of interest in drug delivery, biosensing, solid-phase extraction, and so forth. However, the efficient recognition and separation of proteins have remained challenging to date. Toward this, under the assistance of Ni 2+ -bovine serum albumin (BSA) directional coordination strategy, magnetic BSA-imprinted materials had been synthesized via dopamine self-polymerization on hollow Fe 3 O 4 @mSiO 2 microspheres (mSiO 2 referred as mesoporous silica). The well-defined imprinted microspheres possessed more satisfactory adsorption capacity (266.99 mg/g), enhanced imprinting factor (5.45), and fast adsorption saturation kinetics (40 min) for BSA, superior to many previous reports. Benefiting from the coordinate interaction between Ni 2+ and BSA, these fabricated microspheres exhibited excellent specificity not only in individual and competitive protein rebinding samples but also in bovine serum. Combined with the directional coordination method, the magnetic-imprinted composite materials to selectively capture target proteins could provide promising potential in applications.
scite is a Brooklyn-based organization that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students and researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.