Newborns exposed to the virus need to have clinical follow-up from birth, maintaining control and permanent health care in specialized multiprofessional services that meet the specific demands of their serological condition. Thus, the aim of the study was to analyze the epidemiological profile of children with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome attended at a Reference Center in the city of Belém, Pará, Brazil. This was a descriptive, cross-sectional epidemiological study with qualitative and quantitative variables on the profile of infected children from secondary data, in the period from 2014 to 2019 in the State of Pará. 1,270 children exposed to the virus by vertical transmission, between 0 and 12 years of age, were identified, 06 (0.47%) of which tested positive for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus and 60 (4.72%) children who developed the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, with an average time of 3.5.7 years for disease progression and 8 years for death. In view of the results obtained, it is clear that there is a need to expand health programs in primary care, aiming at health promotion and prevention, as qualified care generates improvements in the quality of life of patients, since most of the transmission is vertical. Thus, it is necessary to carry out further studies in the area, aiming to improve the fight against the disease and reach in more detail the epidemiological profile of HIV/AIDS in children in the State of Pará.
Objective: to analyze nurses' knowledge and practices regarding the care provided to patients in cardiopulmonary arrest in the emergency room of a medium and high complexity public hospital in Belém, State of Pará, Brazil. Method: this descriptive, exploratory, qualitative study included ten nurses, who work in the urgency and emergency service. Data collection took place from February to March 2019 through semi-structured interviews. Thematic content analysis proposed by Bardin was used to construct the data. Results: the studied population has deficient and sometimes insufficient knowledge, mostly marked by mistaken speeches and uncertainties, revealing gaps in knowledge and divergences in relation to the resuscitation science consensus necessary to perform adequate care during a cardiorespiratory arrest, and may compromise the effectiveness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, causing damage to resuscitation and, consequently, contribute to the emergence and / or aggravation of sequelae, which can impact on increased morbidity and mortality. Conclusion: knowledge deficiency is multifactorial, which may be related to the lack of continuous and permanent education, and the lack of personal motivation for the constant search for knowledge, in addition to the lack of incentive to update proposed by the head of the service in the studied scenario.
Objective: to reflect on the knowledge, skills and abilities that should be fostered during academic nursing education for an effective professional performance in the face of a mass event, describing the experience of professors and students of the Nursing Undergraduate course in emergency teaching in this scenario. Methods: experience report, with participatory observation, experienced by teachers and students in nursing education in Urgent and Emergency care during mass events in partnership with the Brazilian Red Cross. The experience took place between September and October 2019, from the training process of the volunteers to the days of the event. Results: at the help stations, strategically dimensioned along the procession path, the students developed diversified actions, involving the management of the environment, planning and direct care. Such experience is a strategy that values the construction of knowledge in a participatory and questioning way, allowing direct contact with the user, providing a unique opportunity to apply the theoretical knowledge acquired in the academy, develop skills and dexterity in nursing actions, in addition to work as a team with the various actors in the state Urgency and Emergency network. Conclusion: the reflective study allowed us to glimpse several aspects regarding the thematic pillars peculiarities that involve nursing teaching in mass events, allowing to raise discussions about the competencies and skills essential to the performance of nurses and teaching strategies to promote teaching in this context.
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