The simulator study allowed an exact characterization of the running-in period and showed a delayed onset of running-in wear. In contrast, the clinical data showed a slow increase in measured ion concentrations. These different wear patterns are probably due to the effects of distribution, accumulation, and excretion of particles and ions in vivo.
Regardless of achieving a low recurrence rate and satisfactory functional results, we found a high complication rate after implantation of a megaprosthesis. This was particularly evident for extraarticular resections and cemented fixation, which should be avoided when possible.
Modular neck implants are an attractive treatment tool in total hip replacement. Concerns remain about the mechanical stability and metal ion release caused by the modular connection. Five different implant designs were investigated in an experimental set-up. In vivo conditions were simulated and the long-term titanium release was measured. Finally, the modular connections were inspected for corrosion processes and signs of fretting. No mechanical failure or excessive corrosion could be identified for the implants tested. The titanium releases measured were extremely low compared to in vivo and in vitro studies and were not in a critical range.Résumé Dans les prothèses totales de hanche l'utilisation d'implants avec col modulaire est d'une utilisation fré-quente et pratique. Néanmoins, cette utilisation laisse persister des doutes sur la stabilité mécanique et sur le relargage des ions métalliques. 5 différents implants ont été étudiés en reproduisant les conditions in vivo, en mesurant le relargage de titane et en évaluant la corrosion et les lésions du col. Ce travail n'a pas permis de mettre en évidence d'échec secondaire à une corrosion excessive, et les taux de titane sont restés extrêmement bas dans les limites de l'acceptable.
Short-stemmed prostheses, especially the Mayo hip, do not constitute a higher fracture risk. In general, an increased body mass index among patients with a cementless hip stem is associated with an increased fracture risk, particularly at high load values, i.e., resulting from a step during stumbling. Taking into account the ascertained results, the danger of provoking a femoral periprosthetic fracture can be reduced.
Purpose Extended bone defects of the proximal femur can be reconstructed by megaprostheses for which aseptic loosening constitutes one of the major failure modes. The basic requirement for long-term success of endoprostheses is primary stability. We therefore assessed whether sufficient primary stability can be achieved by four different megaprostheses in a standardised bone defect of the proximal femur and whether their different design leads to different fixation patterns. Methods Four different designs of proximal femoral replacements were implanted into 16 Sawbones® after preparing segmental bone defects (AAOS type II). Primary rotational stability was analysed by application of a cyclic torque of ±7 Nm and measuring the relative micromotions between bone and implant at different levels. The main fixation zones and differences of fixation patterns of the stem designs were determined by an analysis of variance. Results All four implants exhibited micromotions below 150 μm, indicating adequate primary stability. Lowest micromotions for all designs were located near the femoral isthmus. The extent of primary stability and the global implant fixation pattern differed considerably and could be related to the different design concepts. Conclusions All megaprostheses studied provided sufficient primary stability if the fixation conditions of the femoral isthmus were intact. The design characteristics of the different stems largely determined the extent of primary stability and fixation pattern.Understanding these different fixation types could help the surgeon to choose the most suitable implant if the fixation conditions in the isthmus are compromised.
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