2014
DOI: 10.1590/1983-1447.2014.03.45947
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Structural elements of critical thinking of nurses in emergency care

Abstract: The objective of this study was to analyze the structural elements of critical thinking (CT) of nurses in the clinical decision-making process. This exploratory, qualitative study was conducted with 20 emergency care nurses in three hospitals in southern Brazil. Data were collected from April to June 2009, and a validated clinical case was applied from which nurses listed health problems, prescribed care and listed the structural elements of CT. Content analysis resulted in categories used to determine priorit… Show more

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Cited by 9 publications
(18 citation statements)
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“…6 Some CT scholars, including Paul, were a reference for conducting research, 19 developed with emergency nurses, who applied a case study in order to analyze the structural elements of the CT of these professionals. The results revealed that the priority elements for clinical decision making are technical-scientific knowledge, patient assessment, clinical experience, clinical reasoning and ethics.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…6 Some CT scholars, including Paul, were a reference for conducting research, 19 developed with emergency nurses, who applied a case study in order to analyze the structural elements of the CT of these professionals. The results revealed that the priority elements for clinical decision making are technical-scientific knowledge, patient assessment, clinical experience, clinical reasoning and ethics.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Analysis of the international papers allowed the identification of the most cited authors that guided the theoretical frameworks of these publications: Facione (2)(3)(9)(10)(11)(12)(13)(14)(15)(16)(17)(18)(19)(20)(21) , Ennis (2)(3)11,13,19,22) , Scheffer and Rubenfeld (3,20,(23)(24) , Paul, Elder and Bartell (19)(20)(25)(26) , and Alfaro--Lefevre (9,(27)(28) . Critical thinking is considered a fundamental component in professional responsibility and care quality in nursing (3,14,20,(23)(24) .…”
Section: Exclusion Criteria Papers That Did Not Address the Subject mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…It is also construed as an essential element of the nursing process; it must follow standards, policies, and codes of ethics in problem solving, and involve logic, intuition and creativity, crucial characteristics that are enhanced by specific knowledge and clinical practice. In addition, it focuses on safety and quality by prioritizing the needs of patients, families, and communities (9,(27)(28) . In this sense, CT would not be a method to be learned, but a process, an orientation of the mind that incorporates emotional and cognitive domains (2)(3)9,11,13,19,(27)(28)(29) .…”
Section: Exclusion Criteria Papers That Did Not Address the Subject mentioning
confidence: 99%
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