2003
DOI: 10.1590/s0102-311x2003000300001
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Saúde pública e envelhecimento

Abstract: O envelhecimento populacional é um dos maiores desafios da saúde pública contemporâ-nea. Este fenômeno ocorreu inicialmente em países desenvolvidos, mas, mais recentemente é nos países em desenvolvimento que o envelhecimento da população tem ocorrido de forma mais acentuada. No Brasil, o número de idosos (≥ 60 anos de idade) passou de 3 milhões em 1960, para 7 milhões em 1975 e 14 milhões em 2002 (um aumento de 500% em quarenta anos) e estima-se que alcançará 32 milhões em 2020. Em países como a Bélgica, por e… Show more

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Cited by 166 publications
(139 citation statements)
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“…According to estimates, the number of elderly people in Brazil will reach 32 million by 2020, with a further forecast that in 2025 the country will occupy sixth place in the world ranking of the ten countries with the largest number of elderly people. 1,2 The prevalence of chronic diseases increases with age, which reinforces the importance of health prevention interventions targeting healthy habits and better quality of life. 3 According to the National Survey by Household Sampling (PNAD) -IBGE, in 2003, 29.9% of the Brazilian population claimed to be suffering from at least one chronic disease, such as: spinal or back disease, arthritis or rheumatism, cancer, diabetes or hyperglycemia, bronchitis or asthma, hypertension, heart disease, chronic kidney disease, depression, tuberculosis, tendonitis or tenosynovitis, and cirrhosis.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…According to estimates, the number of elderly people in Brazil will reach 32 million by 2020, with a further forecast that in 2025 the country will occupy sixth place in the world ranking of the ten countries with the largest number of elderly people. 1,2 The prevalence of chronic diseases increases with age, which reinforces the importance of health prevention interventions targeting healthy habits and better quality of life. 3 According to the National Survey by Household Sampling (PNAD) -IBGE, in 2003, 29.9% of the Brazilian population claimed to be suffering from at least one chronic disease, such as: spinal or back disease, arthritis or rheumatism, cancer, diabetes or hyperglycemia, bronchitis or asthma, hypertension, heart disease, chronic kidney disease, depression, tuberculosis, tendonitis or tenosynovitis, and cirrhosis.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…In Brazil, the population aged 60 years or more increased from 3 millions in 1960 to 14 millions in 2002 and it is estimated to reach 32 millions by 2020, when it will represent the 6 th largest elderly population in the world. 16 As observed in other countries, the leading causes of death among older Brazilian adults are cardiovascular diseases (cerebrovascular diseases and ischemic heart disease), neoplasms (malignant neoplasms of the lungs, trachea and bronchi, prostate and breast cancer) and respiratory diseases (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pneumonia). 17 This profile can be explained, at least partially, by the existence of modifiable risk factors, of which smoking is the most important.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 93%
“…1 Este processo traz como desafio lidar com agravos como doenças crônico-degenerativas e seu enfrentamento requer práticas em saúde que se voltem para a promoção de saúde, prevenção e identificação precoce de fatores de risco conhecidos, conforme indicado pela Política Nacional de Saúde da Pessoa Idosa (PNSPI). 2,3 Mais de um terço das pessoas com idade igual ou superior a 65 anos apresenta uma queda ao ano e em muitos casos esta é recorrente.…”
Section: Introductionunclassified