2017
DOI: 10.1590/0037-8682-0205-2017
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Prevalence of and risk factors associated with the presence of Staphylococcus aureus in the chronic wounds of patients treated in primary health care settings in Brazil

Abstract: Introduction: Wounds can be colonized by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Methods: We evaluated the prevalence of S. aureus and MRSA in the wounds of patients treated at Basic Health Units in Brazil and identifi ed risk factors associated with their presence. Results: The prevalence rates of S. aureus and MRSA were 51.5% and 8.7%, respectively. There was a correlation between the presence of S. aureus in wounds and nostrils (p<0.01). A positive association was detected between S. aureus infe… Show more

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Cited by 21 publications
(26 citation statements)
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“…Multivariate analysis identi ed male gender as a risk factor for colonization with MRSA. These results are in contrast with those reported by Pereira-Franchi et al [36] who found no risk factors for MRSA colonization.…”
Section: Discussioncontrasting
confidence: 99%
See 1 more Smart Citation
“…Multivariate analysis identi ed male gender as a risk factor for colonization with MRSA. These results are in contrast with those reported by Pereira-Franchi et al [36] who found no risk factors for MRSA colonization.…”
Section: Discussioncontrasting
confidence: 99%
“…Age was negatively associated with S. aureus colonization, with an odds ratio of 0.98, indicating a reduction of 2% in the risk of colonization for each additional year of age. Similar data have been reported by Pereira-Franchi et al [36] Lung disease was also negatively associated with S. aureus colonization, a fact that might be related to colonization of the respiratory tract by other microorganisms that are competing with S. aureus. Mueller et al [37] also found a negative association with age but, in contrast to our ndings, lung disease was a risk factor for S. aureus colonization.…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
confidence: 89%
“…Benzylpenicillin was one of the drugs most patients reported using within one year. The analysis of risk factors obtained in our previous results identified a positive association between the use of benzylpenicillin and the presence of S. aureus ( P = 0.02) , this is one of the most commonly used drugs in primary care.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 77%
“…We also performed the drug susceptibility tests in these isolates and the results were previously published . The results showed that among the 119 S. aureus isolates, most were resistant to penicillin [ n = 101 (85%)], followed by erythromycin [ n = 32 (27%)], gentamicin [ n = 14 (12%)], clindamycin [ n = 13 (11%)] and levofloxacin [ n = 7 (6%)].…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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