Abstract:SUMMARY:The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of maternal protein and energy restriction during lactation on mandible dimensions of pups (female) at aging. At parturition, Wistar rat dams were randomly assigned to the following groups: 1) control group (C) -free access to a standard laboratory diet containing 23% protein, 2) protein-energy restricted group (PER) -free access to an isoenergetic, protein-restricted diet containing 8% protein, and 3) energy-restricted group (ER) -fed with restricted a… Show more
Introduction Malnutrition is a world health issue; thus, it is imperative to know its effects during lactation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of maternal protein restriction during lactation on the horizontal and vertical bone growth of the mandible, according to predetermined parameters. Material and Methods At parturition, Wistar rat dams were randomly assigned to the following groups: (1) control, which had free access to a standard laboratory diet containing 23% of protein; (2) protein energy-restricted, which had free access to an isoenergetic, protein-restricted diet containing 8% of protein; and (3) energy-restricted group, which received limited access to commercial diet containing 23% of protein.After 21 days, all pups received free access to a standard laboratory diet containing 23% of protein until their adulthood. Afterwards, the animals were euthanized under thiopental anesthesia and their mandibles were excised. The dimensions of the excised pup mandibles were measured directly with a digital caliper. Results The protein-restricted and the energy-restricted groups presented minor adulthood mandibular length in all parameters analyzed. Conclusion Our results provide original information regarding the mandibular growth and indicate that the maternal nutritional state during lactation can affect the development of mandibular growth. Moreover, our results indicated that the growth dysfunction could not be restored after normalization of the diet.Original Article THIEME Abbreviation: PER, protein energy restricted. † Principal protein resources were soybean wheat, steak, fish and amino acids. ‡ Standard diet for rats (Nuvilab-Nuvital, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil). § The PER diet was prepared in the laboratory at Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro by replacing part of the protein content of the control diet with cornstarch. The amount of the latter was calculated to replace the same energy content of the control diet. Vitamin and mineral mixtures were formulated to meet the American Institute of Nutrition AIN-93G recommendation for rodent diets (Reeves et al.
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