2004
DOI: 10.1037/0003-066x.59.1.20
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Loss, Trauma, and Human Resilience: Have We Underestimated the Human Capacity to Thrive After Extremely Aversive Events?

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Cited by 4,821 publications
(3,050 citation statements)
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References 67 publications
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“…made up of a variety of factors) construct; as such, the concept is difficult to measure and the term resilience has been applied in numerous ways in the literature. Thus, the existing research findings are disparate, with widely differing estimates of the prevalence of this phenotype in the post-trauma context (see Bonanno, 2004; Luthar et al, 2000, for review), leading to difficulties comparing resilience across studies.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…made up of a variety of factors) construct; as such, the concept is difficult to measure and the term resilience has been applied in numerous ways in the literature. Thus, the existing research findings are disparate, with widely differing estimates of the prevalence of this phenotype in the post-trauma context (see Bonanno, 2004; Luthar et al, 2000, for review), leading to difficulties comparing resilience across studies.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Resilience is often considered the rule rather than the exception (Bonanno, 2004; Kessler, Sonnega, Bromet, Hughes, & Nelson, 1995), and while this has been demonstrated in numerous military samples (e.g. Johnson, Polousney, & Erbes, 2011; Nash et al, 2015; Polousny et al, 2017), low levels of self-reported resilience have also been reported (e.g.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…A relatively small body of work focuses on individual resilience in the context of 'highly disruptive' events, such as 'the death of a close relation or a violent or life-threatening situation, to maintain relatively stable, healthy levels of psychological and physical functioning' (Bonanno, 2004). Research in this category defines resilience in terms of psychological robustness, for example, Waldman, Carmeli, and Halevi (2011) highlight the role of compassion in creating the conditions for individual resilience in the face of terrorism.…”
Section: Quadrant 3: Individual Resilience In the Context Of Extreme mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Namely, while resilience refers to restoring an original baseline, PTG refers to creating a new baseline as an outcome of a positive psychological change that occurs as the result of the struggle with a highly challenging, stressful, and traumatic event. According to Bonanno (2004), "resilient individuals might not engage in the kind of meaning-making behaviors associated with PTG for the simple reason that they tend not to struggle to the same extent as might other, more traumatized individuals" (p. 420). Therefore, living with more frequent or devastating circumstances, such as surviving a natural disaster, might be a manifestation of resilience when there are ample resources to restore the original way of living.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%