2016
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcs.2016.02.005
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Influence of Fusarium isolates on the expression of barley genes related to plant defense and malting quality

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Cited by 15 publications
(15 citation statements)
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“…Fusarium species are found in cereal grains, such as barley, wheat, maize and rice worldwide, where mycotoxins can be found in high concentrations [15,16,17,18]. This fact, may be worsened by weather conditions, such as high humidity and temperatures that tend to increase Fusarium infection in plants [19,20].…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Fusarium species are found in cereal grains, such as barley, wheat, maize and rice worldwide, where mycotoxins can be found in high concentrations [15,16,17,18]. This fact, may be worsened by weather conditions, such as high humidity and temperatures that tend to increase Fusarium infection in plants [19,20].…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Infection by these species is mainly disadvantageous to product and processing quality as well as to food safety issues. Among other negative effects, infection can reduce crop yield, enhance mycotoxin contamination (Nielsen et al 2014;Linkmeyer et al 2016), and interfere with the malting process (Sarlin et al 2005;Oliveira et al 2012;Hofer et al 2016). Parry et al (1995) listed 17 species associated with the FHB complex on small grain cereals.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…isolated from cereals, mostly from wheat or barley for in vivo or in vitro studies. [10,54,[68][69][70][71][72][73][74][75][76][77][78][79][80][81][82][83][84][85][86] In practice, the enzyme activity was mostly higher when malt was infected with Fusarium. Nevertheless, it is still not useful in practice to differentiate between enzyme potential that is cereal borne and enzyme potential that is of microbiological origin.…”
Section: Enzymology and The Malting Processmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…[93] On the other hand, if pathogens attack a plant, they could lead to host-pathogen interactions and, consequently, again gene expression as a defense reaction from the plant/grain or from the pathogen itself and can result in pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins. [78] Additionally, the enzyme activity may be suppressed by specific enzyme inhibitors, which play a decisive role in plant development as well as in terms of host pathogen interactions. For instance, alpha amylase 2 (AMY-2), an isoform of alpha amylase, is inhibited by the endogenous barley α-amylase/subtilisin inhibitor (BASI).…”
Section: Enzyme Formation Induced By Gene Expressionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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