2021
DOI: 10.1080/03610470.2021.1911272
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Enzymes from Cereal and Fusarium Metabolism Involved in the Malting Process – A Review

Abstract: the enzymatic properties of brewing malts are an important and sometimes limiting factor in malt and beer production. in order to observe malt quality, multiple analytical tests were developed for determining the various enzymatic activities of brewing-related enzymes in brewing cereals and their corresponding malts. when using the prevailing detection methods, little or no attention has been paid to the microbiological status of the processed cereals. infection of cereals with Fusarium spp. can lead to a dete… Show more

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Cited by 6 publications
(3 citation statements)
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“…Geiβinger, Gastl and Becker (2021) [ 85 ], in their review, discussed the possibility of the alteration of the metabolism of a barley plant, thus producing a change in the set of enzymes and proteins present in the kernels, due to the pathogen–host interactions that occur during a Fusarium infection (e.g., synthesis of an up-regulated ß–amylase, which, besides being in charge of the starch cleavage, also acts as a factor for the programmed cell death of the cells of the grain). Nonetheless, according to the same authors, estimating the impact of the Fusarium infestation on the levels of each enzyme is impossible with the current analytical methods because they cannot distinguish between plants’ endogenous enzymes and the ones originating from the fungi unless gene expression studies are conducted.…”
Section: Fusarium Mycotoxins Transfer From the Cereals To In...mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Geiβinger, Gastl and Becker (2021) [ 85 ], in their review, discussed the possibility of the alteration of the metabolism of a barley plant, thus producing a change in the set of enzymes and proteins present in the kernels, due to the pathogen–host interactions that occur during a Fusarium infection (e.g., synthesis of an up-regulated ß–amylase, which, besides being in charge of the starch cleavage, also acts as a factor for the programmed cell death of the cells of the grain). Nonetheless, according to the same authors, estimating the impact of the Fusarium infestation on the levels of each enzyme is impossible with the current analytical methods because they cannot distinguish between plants’ endogenous enzymes and the ones originating from the fungi unless gene expression studies are conducted.…”
Section: Fusarium Mycotoxins Transfer From the Cereals To In...mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Aprotinin: Aprotinin is a 58 amino acids serine protease inhibitor processed from its pre-protein precursor. Clinical implications of aprotinin have been explored for its prophylactic applications in reducing perioperative blood loss and minimizing the need for blood transfusion in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery 25 . However, due to the increased risk of in-hospital deaths, the consumption of aprotinin has been suspended.…”
Section: Products Developedmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Fungal spores germinate on the surface of spikelets, and the mycelium penetrates spikelets passively through the stomata or actively through the cell walls. Fusarium fungi secrete numerous hydrolyzing enzymes that facilitate the penetration of host tissues [15]. Infected kernels are smaller, shriveled and white to light pink in color [6].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%