2006
DOI: 10.1590/s1678-91992006000400002
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Impact of leishmaniasis on public health

Abstract: Leishmaniasis is a parasitic zoonosis caused by protozoans of the genus Leishmania transmitted by insects known as phlebotomines, which are found in wild or urban environments. It affects domestic and wild animals and transmission to man happens by accident. The disease occurs in tropical and sub-tropical areas, mainly in Asia, Europe, Africa, and the Americas. There are two forms that affect man: American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) and American visceral leishmaniasis (AVL). The latter is caused by three sp… Show more

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Cited by 28 publications
(32 citation statements)
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“…whitmani, besides being the most abundant overall (167/630), was most frequently found in the savannah (75.4%) as discovered in the State of Mato Grosso by Missawa e cols 5 . It is known that cutaneous leishmaniasis is a zoonosis of rural environments 35,36 similar to the settlements studied here.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 74%
“…whitmani, besides being the most abundant overall (167/630), was most frequently found in the savannah (75.4%) as discovered in the State of Mato Grosso by Missawa e cols 5 . It is known that cutaneous leishmaniasis is a zoonosis of rural environments 35,36 similar to the settlements studied here.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 74%
“…The main clinical symptoms and signs presented at the initial evaluation were: fever (97%), splenomegaly (96.4%), weight loss (95.5%), pallor (93.6%), cough (89.7%), hepatomegaly (87.2%), asthenia (83.3%), anorexia (82.9%) and vomiting (73.9%) (Figure 1). year in Brazil [5,6,9,10]. All over the world, about 200 million people are at risk [4].…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar) is an endemic disease in the tropics, subtropics, and southern Europe, affecting one to two million individuals, with approximately 500,000 new cases and 5,000 deaths each year [1][2][3][4][5]. It is a vector-borne disease caused by various species of Leishmania [1,6,7].…”
mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Many species are anthropophilic, causing bothersome bites, and may transmit pathogens, including the agents of cutaneous and visceral leishmaniases to humans (Sherlock 2003). These diseases represent a serious public health problem, with growing incidences and distribution, covering also metropolitan areas (Desjeux 2004;Camargo & Langoni 2006).…”
mentioning
confidence: 99%