2019
DOI: 10.1007/s13593-019-0576-0
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Forage options to sustainably intensify smallholder farming systems on tropical sandy soils. A review

Abstract: Intensifying livestock production by integrating perennial forages has great potential to contribute to sustainable development and livelihoods in the Mekong region. However, the approach taken must be informed by the environmental, social, and cultural context of the region. Accordingly, we review published research papers and reports from relevant research for development projects to identify options for sustainably integrating forages into farming systems, with a focus on sand-dominant soils of southern Lao… Show more

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Cited by 20 publications
(17 citation statements)
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References 54 publications
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“…These actions released additional labour to engage in alternative on-farm and off-farm income-generating activities. This finding is very much in line with other studies that show that nontraditional off-farm and nonfarming activities have become integral to the way households generate income in Lao PDR [12][13][14][15], as well as in other emerging economies [75].…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
confidence: 90%
See 1 more Smart Citation
“…These actions released additional labour to engage in alternative on-farm and off-farm income-generating activities. This finding is very much in line with other studies that show that nontraditional off-farm and nonfarming activities have become integral to the way households generate income in Lao PDR [12][13][14][15], as well as in other emerging economies [75].…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
confidence: 90%
“…The flip side of the switch to white rice is the threat it carries to preferred subsistence food for the family. Decisions on household agricultural practices are being made in the larger context of industrialization and urbanization, with nontraditional off-farm and nonfarming activities becoming integral to the way that households generate income [12][13][14][15].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Stylosanthes spp. are native of tropical Americas and used in Africa and Australia, being adapted to low rainfall and low soil fertility (Karia et al, 2011;Philp et al, 2019). The main uses of Stylosanthes are as green manure and in intercrops with perennial crops or grasses in pastures (Karia et al, 2011).…”
Section: Urochloa In Tropical and Subtropical Conservation Agriculturementioning
confidence: 99%
“…Approximately 80 percent of the rural population are smallholder farmers, dependent on rice-based agriculture and livestock, producing on arable land of two to three hectares (Alexander et al 2010;Alexander and Larson 2016;FAO 2017). Farming generally occurs on infertile, poorly structured soils with only marginal land productivity and low returns to labour (Philp et al 2019). Farmers often face climate variability risks in the form of floods and droughts (Roth and Grunbuhel 2012), hence while farmers are generally considering opportunities to increase production and income through more intensive farming activities, many are opting for out-migration and alternative, non-farming, wage opportunities Manivong et al 2014).…”
Section: Case Study Regionmentioning
confidence: 99%