2021
DOI: 10.3390/pathogens10050595
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First Case of Clinical Cat Aelurostrongylosis in the Brazilian Amazon: Clinical and Molecular Insights

Abstract: Aelurostrongylus abstrusus is the most important respiratory parasite infecting domestic cats worldwide. Nevertheless, most records and epizootiological data come from Europe, whilst poor and fragmentary information are available for other regions, including the Americas. The present article describes the first description of cat aelurostrongylosis from Amazonia, Brazil. Eighty-one cats, 13 from a shelter and 68 admitted at the Teaching and Research Unit in Veterinary Medicine (UV) at the Federal University of… Show more

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Cited by 7 publications
(5 citation statements)
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References 67 publications
(110 reference statements)
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“…Brazil is also a country with poor epizootiological data regarding A. abstrusus in cats. The results reported by da Silva Lima et al [3] represent the first depiction of prevalence for this important pathogen in cats living in the Brazilian Amazon. Furthermore, this survey reports the first molecular confirmation of this parasite in Brazil and describes the clinical picture of one of the cases detected among the animals examined [3].…”
Section: Felid Cardiopulmonary Parasites-expanding Knowledgementioning
confidence: 76%
“…Brazil is also a country with poor epizootiological data regarding A. abstrusus in cats. The results reported by da Silva Lima et al [3] represent the first depiction of prevalence for this important pathogen in cats living in the Brazilian Amazon. Furthermore, this survey reports the first molecular confirmation of this parasite in Brazil and describes the clinical picture of one of the cases detected among the animals examined [3].…”
Section: Felid Cardiopulmonary Parasites-expanding Knowledgementioning
confidence: 76%
“…There was a gap in the epizootiological investigation of this study, as the incidences of Aelurostrongylus abstrusus and Troglostrongylus brevior, major lungworms of cats were not investigated. The specific diagnostic technique for A. abstrusus and T. brevior (Baermann funnel migration) was not performed due to study logistics; nevertheless, the worldwide importance [20,29,30] including in Brazil [5,22] of these feline lungworms should not be overlooked by the epizootiological observations of the present study.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 93%
“…However, it allows diagnosis only during the patency period, and the sensitivity is impaired by intermittent and/or low excretion of larvae. Molecular detection by PCR from feces or pharyngeal swabs can be used as alternative diagnostic tools for feline aelurostrongylosis [24][25][26]. An ELISA test for detection of A. abstrusus antibodies in serum has been used to improve the diagnosis of feline aelurostrongylosis [24,27].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%