2019
DOI: 10.1590/1980-57642018dn13-010014
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Abstract: ABSTRACT. Falls in long-stay institutions for elderly people have a high prevalence, contributing to the physical and mental deterioration of institutionalized elderly. Objective: To determine the prevalence of falls among institutionalized elderly with and without cognitive decline, and to characterize the practices and behaviors of those with and without cognitive decline in managing fall risks, and relate them to some factors. Methods: The present correlational study was carried out with a sample of 204 i… Show more

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Cited by 13 publications
(27 citation statements)
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“…Several studies ( 8 - 10 ) have been conducted in an attempt to understand the factors that are related to the increased propensity of falls and reduced balance, as well as their relationship with cognitive decline in the elderly. However, most of these studies were conducted on elderly residents in long-term care institutions, and studies conducted on community-based elderly residents remain scarce ( 11 ).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Several studies ( 8 - 10 ) have been conducted in an attempt to understand the factors that are related to the increased propensity of falls and reduced balance, as well as their relationship with cognitive decline in the elderly. However, most of these studies were conducted on elderly residents in long-term care institutions, and studies conducted on community-based elderly residents remain scarce ( 11 ).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…8 Out of fear of recurrent falls, caregivers tend to limit elderly activity, especially in those with dementia. 1,7,13 A study that investigated the association between subtype and severity of dementia and falls, and the role of poor gait in falls across the spectrum and the subtype of dementia, concluded that non-Alzheimer disease (AD) dementia patients were twice as likely to have had a previous fall than healthy older adults, whereas patients with AD had a similar rate of previous falls to healthy older adults. 13 Each group of individuals with cognitive decline, regardless of the severity of decline, had an increased odds ratio (OR) for falls in comparison with cognitively healthy individuals.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Cognitive impairment, severe mobility problems and a greatly restricted capacity to perform daily living activities are determining factors in the decision to implement restraint systems. 2,7 Each nursing home has specific needs determined by elderly characteristics, number of residents, knowledge and experience, prevention practice, fall recording and reporting, and the location and architectural characteristics of buildings, 4 which can influence post-fall practices and behaviors.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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