1994
DOI: 10.1590/s0102-311x1994000200013 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: A brief critical analysis and suggestion for guidelines concerning environmental and health education in the elementary school are presented from the viewpoint of emerging pedagogic experiences and theoretical philosophical reflections. The major points discussed are: the importance of transdisciplinarity, the enhancement of participatory education where technical knowledge and popular wisdom meet, the planning and execution of concrete experiences which stimulate the sensations of pleasure and of admiration f… Show more

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“…29 Furthermore, the school setting provides an environment to empower children as agents of health behavior change and an entry point for other community members to access MDA benefits. [30][31][32] Because several other health programs also operate from schools, it is possible to incorporate these surveys into the routine activities. 33,34 In conclusion, our findings show that prevalence and intensity indicators among the 9-to 12-year-olds are comparable to other population groups in the same settings as well as overall community prevalence and are a valid age group to use for sampling purposes for baseline data to determine MDA.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
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“…29 Furthermore, the school setting provides an environment to empower children as agents of health behavior change and an entry point for other community members to access MDA benefits. [30][31][32] Because several other health programs also operate from schools, it is possible to incorporate these surveys into the routine activities. 33,34 In conclusion, our findings show that prevalence and intensity indicators among the 9-to 12-year-olds are comparable to other population groups in the same settings as well as overall community prevalence and are a valid age group to use for sampling purposes for baseline data to determine MDA.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
“…These characteristics include the following: (i) it is the age range established by law for formal schooling in Brazil, which implies compulsory enrollment in elementary schools, (ii) schoolchildren and their families are generally accessible and receptive to this type of testing, (iii) children in this age group are the main targets of WHA-54.19, whose member countries, including Brazil, committed to the minimum goal of providing diagnostic coverage and treatment for helminth infection to 75% of school-aged children in endemic areas by the year 2010 (WHO 2002), (iv) data collected from individuals in this age range may be used to evaluate not only the health threat of schistosomiasis to schoolchildren, but also the need for intervention in the community as a whole (Montresor et al 2002), (v) the school infrastructure reduces the operational costs for parasitological surveys and medication administration because it concentrates activities in a specific physical space and, in addition, provides an excellent opportunity to reach non-enrolled children (Favre et al 2009 9-12 years of age) allows for the follow-up of the impact of treatment over the period of one or two years before they leave school, (vii) the school environment allows for the discussion of various issues related to schistosomiasis and other important threats in the community, promoting more ample debate on disease prevention and control among schoolchildren, families and health agents (Schall 1994), (viii) schoolchildren who were tested positive serve as a good indicator that could lead to the identification of infected family members, including non-enrolled children (Massara et al 2006, Enk et al 2008, (ix) a study conducted in the endemic area of Minas Gerais, Brazil, validated the use of prevalence among individuals in the 7-14 year-old age group to predict S. mansoni prevalence in the community, confirming that it can be used to guide treatment strategies in the endemic area (Rodrigues et al 2000) and (x) this age group has already been targeted in control campaigns carried out by the MS in the 1970's and 1980's, which attests its importance not only as a group that is particularly vulnerable to infection, but also as an important source of information regarding environmental contamination.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
“…Althought it is necessary improve and amplify the health education programs, it is urgent to think in the more appropriate ways and strategies to do that. Education cannot be limited to the principal target public, i.e., the population under risk of falling ill, but should include all the social players involved in the network of transmission, as pointed out in previous articles (Schall 1987(Schall , 1989(Schall , 1994(Schall , 1995(Schall , 1996(Schall , 1998. One needs to intensify dialog with local authorities, health technicians and the population in general.…”
Section: Discussion and Considerations On The Actions And Educationalmentioning