2021
DOI: 10.1590/pboci.2021.002
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Does Virtual Reality Affect Children’s Dental Anxiety, Pain, And Behaviour? A Randomised, Placebo-Controlled, Cross-Over Trial

Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the effect of virtual reality (VR) on dental anxiety, pain, and behaviour at different time points among children undergoing dental treatment under local anaesthesia. Material and Methods: This randomised, two-armed, within-subject, cross-over, placebo-controlled trial included 76 children. Eligible participants were treated in two dental visits using the following methods: with protective glasses only, without distraction (attention placebo-controlled -APC); and with the treatment condi… Show more

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Cited by 14 publications
(27 citation statements)
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References 35 publications
(69 reference statements)
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“…Two unpublished studies were acquired by contacting authors identified in the trial registries (Gerceker et al, 2021;Osmanlliu et al, 2021). Another two published manuscripts were received from contacted authors after the final database search was conducted (Buldur and Candan, 2020;Litwin et al, 2020). The process of study selection is illustrated in Figure 1.…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
confidence: 99%
See 1 more Smart Citation
“…Two unpublished studies were acquired by contacting authors identified in the trial registries (Gerceker et al, 2021;Osmanlliu et al, 2021). Another two published manuscripts were received from contacted authors after the final database search was conducted (Buldur and Candan, 2020;Litwin et al, 2020). The process of study selection is illustrated in Figure 1.…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The SOC conditions were also diverse, with some involving no intervention at all and others a combination of several interventions. Three dental studies used sunglasses or protective eyeglasses, either as part of standard care (Hoge et al, 2012), as a behavior management technique (Bagattoni et al, 2018) or as a form of placebo (Buldur and Candan, 2020).…”
Section: Comparison Groupsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…This might inturn have a positive effect on the patient's attendance in a dental clinic and reduce the number of missed appointments. A study conducted by Buldur and Candan involving children receiving Local Anaesthesia during dental treatment concluded that virtual reality was effective in significantly reducing the pain and anxiety among children [18]. Birang E et al conducted a study on patients requiring scaling and root planing using VR technology during treatment.…”
Section: Fig 2 Participant's Perception On the Use Of Virtual Reality (Vr) During The La Proceduresmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Several studies have reported the use of VR to have a desirable effect on pain, anxiety and behaviour during procedures such as treatment of burns, traumatic injuries, dental procedures and injections [15][16][17][18][19]. The mechanism of using the VR system is based on the assumption that pain perception has a large psychological component, and that focusing one's attention on pain would amplify these sensations to the point of feeling extra painful [16].…”
Section: Fig 2 Participant's Perception On the Use Of Virtual Reality (Vr) During The La Proceduresmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Virtual Reality (VR) has been utilized in medicine for more than two decades and has been linked to improvements in functions of motor, cognition and psychological systems 3 . VR has been used as an effective treatment as an analgesic for children with burns during physiotherapy 10 , for procedural pain management 11 , to reduce anxiety in cancer patients 12 and during dental procedures 13 . In a study by Ong TL, et al the VR intervention was shown to improve patients' ICU experience by decreasing the levels of anxiety and depression 14 .…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%