2005
DOI: 10.1590/s1516-44462005000600003
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Anxiety disorders in women: does gender matter to treatment?

Abstract: A b s t r a c t Women have a substantially higher risk of developing lifetime anxiety disorders compared with men. In addition, research evidence has generally observed an increased symptom severity, chronic course, and functional impairment in women with anxiety disorders in comparison to men. However, the reasons for the increased risk in developing an anxiety disorder in women are still unknown and have yet to be adequately investigated. Evidence from various studies has suggested that genetic factors and f… Show more

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Cited by 62 publications
(49 citation statements)
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“…The positive association between females and anxiety symptoms is consistent with results from other studies showing high prevalence of anxiety disorders in this population, influenced by the condition of women in society and their duties, and also influenced by hormonal changes (Kinrys & Wygant, 2005).…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
confidence: 91%
“…The positive association between females and anxiety symptoms is consistent with results from other studies showing high prevalence of anxiety disorders in this population, influenced by the condition of women in society and their duties, and also influenced by hormonal changes (Kinrys & Wygant, 2005).…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
confidence: 91%
“…29 Not knowing why women are at increased risk of developing an anxiety disorder has led a few studies to investigate whether the characteristics of women with anxiety disorders differ from those of men with the same disorders. 30 Nevertheless, some explanations may be related to factors such as greater cultural acceptance of fear and avoidance behavior in women and different adaptive patterns. Conversely, men tend to use substances such as nicotine and alcohol as self-medication, which could mask the primary symptoms of anxiety disorders.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Além dos transtornos serem muito frequentes, os sintomas ansiosos estão entre os mais comuns, podendo ser encontrados em qualquer pessoa em determinados períodos de sua existência 1 . Segundo Kinrys e Wygant (2005) 5 , o transtorno de ansiedade possui uma prevalência estimada ao longo da vida de 28,8% e uma prevalência estimada em 12 meses de 18,1% na população geral. Atualmente, os profissionais da área médica, que se dedicam às pesquisas sobre a saúde mental, estudam a quantidade, os tipos e os efeitos da ansiedade sobre o organismo e sobre o psiquismo humano, de acordo com as concepções da prática clínica, da medicina psicossomática e da psiquiatria.…”
Section: Introductionunclassified
“…Kinrys e Wygant (2005) 5 relatam que dados de pesquisa americana epidemiológica na população geral dos Estados Unidos demonstraram que mulheres têm mais probabilidade de desenvolver transtorno de ansiedade em comparação com homens. Butler et al (2005) 6 e Pujol et al (2002) 7 realizaram estudos de neuroimagem e sugerem que o córtex anterior do giro do cíngulo é possivelmente maior e mais ativo entre mulheres com alta resposta ao medo e altos escores de esquiva de dano, em comparação a homens com características semelhantes.…”
Section: Introductionunclassified