a b s t r a c tAn investigation is made to study the effects of transverse curvature and the temperature dependent thermal conductivity on the magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) axisymmetric flow and heat transfer characteristics of a viscous incompressible fluid induced by a nonisothermal stretching cylinder in the presence of internal heat generation/absorption. It is assumed that the cylinder is stretched in the axial direction with a linear velocity and the surface temperature of the cylinder is subjected to vary non-isothermally. Here the thermal conductivity is assumed to vary linearly with temperature. Using a similarity transformation, the governing system of partial differential equations is first transformed into coupled non-linear ordinary differential equations with variable coefficients. The resulting intricate non-linear boundary value problem is solved numerically by a second order finite difference scheme for different values of the pertinent parameters for two cases: (i) the prescribed surface temperature (PST case) and (ii) the prescribed heat flux (PHF case). Numerical results are obtained for two different cases namely, zero and nonzero values of the curvature parameter to get the effects on the velocity and temperature fields. The combined effects of the curvature parameter and the thermal conductivity parameter are examined. The physical significances of the numerical results are presented for several limiting cases.
The problem of magneto-hydrodynamic flow and heat transfer of an electrically conducting non-Newtonian power-law fluid past a non-linearly stretching surface in the presence of a transverse magnetic field is considered. The stretching velocity, the temperature and the transverse magnetic field are assumed to vary in a power-law with the distance from the origin. The flow is induced due to an infinite elastic sheet which is stretched in its own plane. The governing equations are reduced to non-linear ordinary differential equations by means of similarity transformations. These equations are then solved numerically by an implicit finite-difference scheme known as Keller-Box method. The numerical solution is found to be dependent on several governing parameters, including the magnetic field parameter, power-law index, velocity exponent parameter, temperature exponent parameter, Modified Prandtl number and heat source/sink parameter. A systematic study is carried out to illustrate the effects of these parameters on the fluid velocity and the temperature distribution in the boundary layer. The results for the local skin-friction coefficient and the local Nusselt number are tabulated and discussed. The results obtained reveal many interesting behaviors that warrant further study on the equations related to non-Newtonian fluid phenomena.
Abstract. An analysis is carried out to study the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flow and heat transfer characteristics of an electrically conducting dusty non-Newtonian fluid, namely, the upper convected Maxwell (UCM) fluid over a stretching sheet. The stretching velocity and the temperature at the surface are assumed to vary linearly with the distance from the origin. Using a similarity transformation, the governing nonlinear partial differential equations of the model problem are transformed into coupled non-linear ordinary differential equations and the equations are solved numerically by a second order finite difference implicit method known as the Keller-box method. Comparisons with the available results in the literature are presented as a special case. The effects of the physical parameters on the fluid velocity, the velocity of the dust particle, the density of the dust particle, the fluid temperature, the dust-phase temperature, the skin friction, and the wall-temperature gradient are presented through tables and graphs. It is observed that, Maxwell fluid reduces the wall-shear stress. Also, the fluid particle interaction reduces the fluid temperature in the boundary layer. Furthermore, the results obtained for the flow and heat transfer characteristics reveal many interesting behaviors that warrant further study on the non-Newtonian fluid flow phenomena, especially the dusty UCM fluid flow phenomena.
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