Despite being a relatively new concept, the importance of the global mindset is already well-documented. So far research has primarily focused on multinational companies and therefore the operationalization of the concept is still a work in progress. Recognizing the importance of entrepreneurs in small companies, yet mindful of the gaps that exist, this paper addresses the factors that constitute the global mindset and their influence on the internationalization of small Portuguese companies. Using information-processing theory through a quantitative, surveybased study and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), the results show the importance of the characteristics of both entrepreneurs and firms in explaining the global mindset, and confirm the impact they have on internationalization behavior. The entrepreneur's level of education, their satisfaction with company performance in the domestic market and the potential for growth in the domestic market all affect the global mindset model. The conclusions are useful for entrepreneurs and national authorities aiming to successfully implement internationalization practices, given the role of the global mindset in exploring global business opportunities and in the global success of companies. Replication of the research in different contexts is essential for the wider generalization of the results.
Abstract. This paper presents a new approach for biometric authentication based on keystroke dynamics through numerical keyboards. The input signal is generated in real time when the user enters with target string. Five features were extracted from this input signal (ASCII key code and four keystroke latencies) and four experiments using samples for genuine and impostor users were performed using two pattern classification technics. The best results were achieved by the HMM (EER=3.6%). This new approach brings security improvements to the process of user authentication, as well as it allows to include biometric authentication in mobile devices, such as cell phones.
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