An efficient and practical protocol for the protection of various structurally and electronically divergent aryl and aliphatic amines using (Boc)2O in the presence of a catalytic amount of molecular iodine (10 mol %) under solvent-free conditions at ambient temperature is presented.
Zn-proline (5 mol%) performs as a novel water-soluble and recyclable Lewis acid catalyst for the selective synthesis of 1,2-disubstituted benzimidazoles from wide range of substituted o-phenylenediamines and aldehydes in moderate to excellent isolated yields (42-92%) using water as solvent at ambient temperature.
A facile, efficient, concise, cost-effective, and scalable synthesis of thalidomide in high overall yield (55%) is presented. Treatment of Boc-protected L-glutamic acid diester via Na/ liquid (liq.) NH 3 (-33 °C) mediated cyclization methodology produces a corresponding glutarimide ring which was subsequently condensed with phthalic anhydride in the presence of glacial acetic acid to afford thalidomide.
Entre vários ácidos carboxílicos testados, o ácido p-nitrobenzóico mostrou ser o mais versátil para a preparação de derivados de 1,5-benzodiazepinas a partir de uma série de ofenilenodiaminas substituídas e cetonas. Os produtos foram obtidos em bons rendimentos (62-92%) sob condições brandas, usando acetonitrila como solvente, a temperatura ambiente. Adicionalmente, o reagente pode ser facilmente recuperado e re-utilizado. p-Nitrobenzoic acid was found to be the versatile Bronsted organic acid promoter among the carboxylic acids tested for the preparation of 1,5-benzodiazepine derivatives from a wide range of substituted o-phenylenediamines and ketones. The corresponding products were obtained in good isolated yields (62-92%) under mild conditions using acetonitrile as solvent at ambient temperature. Further, the reagent could be easily recovered and reused.
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