The market for electric vehicles (EVs) has grown with each year, and EVs are considered to be a proper solution for the mitigation of urban pollution. So far, not much attention has been devoted to the use of EVs for public transportation, such as taxis and buses. However, a massive introduction of electric taxis (ETs) and electric buses (EBs) could generate issues in the grid. The challenges are different from those of private EVs, as their required load is much higher and the related time constraints must be considered with much more attention. These issues have begun to be studied within the last few years. This paper presents a review of the different approaches that have been proposed by various authors, to mitigate the impact of EBs and ETs on the future smart grid. Furthermore, some projects with regard to the integration of ETs and EBs around the world are presented. Some guidelines for future works are also proposed.
Electric Vehicles (EVs) are growing attention for their higher efficiency and less-polluting specifications. However, a massive introduction of EVs could lead to several issues in power systems. Several authors have proposed various smart charging approaches. But, these approaches could not be appropriately implemented without knowing the charging behavior of the EV customers. Thus, this paper proposes an EV charging load prediction for the particular case of Quito, Ecuador. This forecasting is performed based on data obtained from a GPS system and on statistical methods.
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