Peanuts are nutritious foods, however, following harvest and storage, these nuts are prone to mycotoxin contamination. Gamma irradiation is an effective technique in postharvest pest control to kill insects and inhibit mycotoxin biosynthesis. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the effect of doses of gamma ray on oil properties and mycotoxin profile of raw peanut seeds. Seeds were exposure to gamma radiation at 10 and 25 kGy and stored at ambient temperature for 6 months compared to non-treated seeds before storage. Color, hardness, oil content, total sugar, total protein content, peroxide value (PV), malonaldehyde (MDA) and aflatoxin analysis were assessed. According to this finding, no significant differences of color, hardness, oil content, PV, MDA were found among treatments. Aflatoxin inhibition and total sugars of treated gamma irradiation peanuts at 10 kGy were higher than treated peanuts at 25 kGy.
Boiled peanuts are preferable as a ready‐to‐eat healthy snack; however, gamma irradiation as a postharvest treatment of raw peanuts may induce unfavourable food components. Hence, the phytochemical, antioxidant, and the texture of boiled ‘Tainan 9’ peanuts pretreated with gamma irradiation (0, 2.5, 5, and 10 kGy) and stored at 29 ± 2 °C for up to 180 days were investigated. Both gamma irradiation and storage time contributed to testa darkening in raw peanuts. In boiled irradiated products, irradiation doses and storage time affected the moisture content (MC), total proteins, total oil, total soluble sugars, and antioxidant capacity (P ≤ 0.05). Total phenolic and flavonoid contents showed an increase at days 90 and decreased at days 180 across all treatments. A positive correlation was observed among ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), total phenolics, and total flavonoids. Gamma irradiation at 10 kGy led to increase of peroxide value (PV) (P ≤ 0.05), but malondialdehyde (MDA) content was unaffected. Textural properties of boiled irradiated peanuts were soft. As a result, gamma irradiation at 5 kGy is recommended for postharvest treatment of raw peanuts with subsequent storage up to 180 days to obtain the eating quality of boiled peanuts with good phytochemicals and antioxidant properties, which is a challenge for food industry.
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