HFSRT offers a feasible and effective salvage treatment option for recurrent GBM management. Prognostic factors associated with longer OS in our study were longer interval between initial treatment and recurrence, smaller PTV size, KPS ≥70 and younger age.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of Active Breathing Control-moderate deep inspiration breath-hold (ABC-mDIBH) on tumor motion and critical organ doses in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) radiotherapy. 23 patients with locally advanced NSCLC were included in the study. All patients were scanned at free breathing and ABC-mDIBH for radiation treatment planning. 3 separate treatment plans were generated for each patient including one plan with ABC-mDIBH and uniform margins, one plan with free breathing and uniform margins, and one plan with free breathing and 3-dimensional non-uniform margins determined by Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) and XVI Motion View (X-ray Volume Imaging, Elekta, UK). Critical organ dose-volumes and physical lung parameters were comparatively evaluated on 3 separate dose-volume histograms of each patient acquired from planning software. Individual tumor motion of each patient with and without ABC-mDIBH was documented and compared. Use of ABC-mDIBH resulted in statistically significant improvement in physical lung parameters of V20 (lung volume receiving ≥ 20 Gy) and mean lung dose (MLD) which are predictors of radiation pneumonitis (p<0.001). Reduction in spinal cord dose and tumor motion with ABC-mDIBH was also statistically significant (p<0.001). ABC-mDIBH increases normal lung tissue sparing in definitive NSCLC radiotherapy by improving physical lung parameters along with spinal cord dose reduction through exact tumor immobilization. The incorporation of ABC-mDIBH into NSCLC radiotherapy may have implications for potential margin reduction and dose escalation to improve treatment outcomes.
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