An iron-based amorphous metal, Fe 49.7 Cr 17.7 Mn 1.9 Mo 7.4 W 1.6 B 15.2 C 3.8 Si 2.4 (SAM2X5), with very good corrosion resistance has been developed. This material was prepared as a melt-spun ribbon, as well as gas atomized powder and a thermal-spray coating. During electrochemical testing in several environments, including seawater at 90°C, the passive film stability was found to be comparable to that of high-performance nickel-based alloys and superior to that of stainless steels, based on electrochemical measurements of the passive film breakdown potential and general corrosion rates. This material also performed very well in standard salt fog tests. Chromium (Cr), molybdenum (Mo), and tungsten (W) provided corrosion resistance, and boron (B) enabled glass formation. The high boron content of this particular amorphous metal made it an effective neutron absorber and suitable for criticality control applications. This material and its parent alloy maintained corrosion resistance up to the glass transition temperature and remained in the amorphous state during exposure to relatively high neutron doses.
Boron (B) is one of the most problematic impurities to remove from metallurgical grade silicon in the production of more pure solar grade silicon (SoG-Si). In the present work, recent progresses in the application of reactive gases for B removal from molten silicon is reviewed. Moreover, in order to clarify the mechanisms and kinetics of gas-based B-refining, an experimental procedure using humidified Ar, N 2 , and H 2 gases applied to boron-doped silicon melt is described. It is shown that the kinetics and extent of B removal is depending on the type of humidified gas. The thermodynamics and kinetics of B removal from molten silicon are studied to explain experimental observations. The mass transfer coefficients of B are calculated and possible mechanisms for B removal by the reactive gases are proposed:It is shown that the lower equilibrium partial pressure of HBO gas at higher temperatures causes slower B removal rate.
The passive film stability of several Fe-based amorphous metal formulations have been found to be comparable to that of high-performance Ni-based alloys, and superior to that of stainless steels, based on electrochemical measurements of the passive film breakdown potential and general corrosion rates. Chromium (Cr), molybdenum (Mo) and tungsten (W) provide corrosion resistance; boron (B) enables glass formation; and rare earths such as yttrium (Y) lower critical cooling rate (CCR). The high boron content of this particular amorphous metal also makes it an effective neutron absorber, and suitable for criticality control applications, as discussed in companion publications. Corrosion data for SAM2X5 (Fe49.7Cr17.7Mn1.9Mo7.4W1.6B15.2C3.8Si2.4) is discussed here.
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