The order Chiroptera is considered the second largest group of mammals in the world, hosting important zoonotic virus and bacteria. Bartonella and hemotropic mycoplasmas are bacteria that parasite different mammals' species, including humans, causing different clinical manifestations. The present work aimed investigating the occurrence and assessing the phylogenetic positioning of Bartonella spp. and Mycoplasma spp. in neotropical bats sampled from Brazil. Between December 2015 and April 2016, 325 blood and/or tissues samples were collected from 162 bats comprising 19 different species sampled in five states of Brazil. Out of 322 bat samples collected, while 17 (5·28%) were positive to quantitative PCR for Bartonella spp. based on nuoG gene, 45 samples (13·97%) were positive to cPCR assays for hemoplasmas based on 16S rRNA gene. While seven sequences were obtained for Bartonella (nuoG) (n = 3), gltA (n = 2), rpoB (n = 1), ftsZ (n = 1), five 16S rRNA sequences were obtained for hemoplasmas. In the phylogenetic analysis, the Bartonella sequences clustered with Bartonella genotypes detected in bats sampled in Latin America countries. All five hemoplasmas sequences clustered together as a monophyletic group by Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian Inference analyses. The present work showed the first evidence of circulation of Bartonella spp. and hemoplasmas among bats in Brazil.
Records of sympatry between Alouatta caraya and A. clamitans are rare despite their extensive range overlap. An example of their current sympatry and the rediscovery of free-ranging potential hybrids of A. caraya and A. clamitans in the forests of the Upper Paraná River, Southern Brazil, are reported in this paper. Eight groups were observed in the study area: five monospecific groups of A. caraya, two of A. clamitans, and a group containing two adult males and two adult females of A. caraya and a sub-adult male and two adult females identified as Alouatta sp. The color of the last three individuals was a mosaic between the two species; this is consistent with previously described variations in museum specimens collected in the Paraná River in the 1940s that had been identified as potential hybrids. The results from this study emphasize the need for scientific studies in the region of the Ilha Grande National Park, one of the few regions in the Paraná River that currently harbors both howler species.
Primates play an important role in ecosystem functioning and offer critical insights into human evolution, biology, behavior, and emerging infectious diseases. There are 26 primate species in the Atlantic Forests of South America, 19 of them endemic. We compiled a dataset of 5,472 georeferenced locations of 26 native and 1 introduced primate species, as hybrids in the genera Callithrix and Alouatta. The dataset includes 700 primate communities, 8,121 single species occurrences and 714 estimates of primate population sizes, covering most natural forest types of the tropical and subtropical Atlantic Forest of Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina and some other biomes. On average, primate communities of the Atlantic Forest harbor 2 ± 1 species (range = 1–6). However, about 40% of primate communities contain only one species. Alouatta guariba (N = 2,188 records) and Sapajus nigritus (N = 1,127) were the species with the most records. Callicebus barbarabrownae (N = 35), Leontopithecus caissara (N = 38), and Sapajus libidinosus (N = 41) were the species with the least records. Recorded primate densities varied from 0.004 individuals/km2 (Alouatta guariba at Fragmento do Bugre, Paraná, Brazil) to 400 individuals/km2 (Alouatta caraya in Santiago, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil). Our dataset reflects disparity between the numerous primate census conducted in the Atlantic Forest, in contrast to the scarcity of estimates of population sizes and densities. With these data, researchers can develop different macroecological and regional level studies, focusing on communities, populations, species co‐occurrence and distribution patterns. Moreover, the data can also be used to assess the consequences of fragmentation, defaunation, and disease outbreaks on different ecological processes, such as trophic cascades, species invasion or extinction, and community dynamics. There are no copyright restrictions. Please cite this Data Paper when the data are used in publications. We also request that researchers and teachers inform us of how they are using the data.
ABSTRACT. Bats from southern Brazil: comparative analysis of species richness, new records and nomenclatural update (Mammalia, Chiroptera). A comparative analysis of the patterns of bat species richness in southern Brazil is presented, as well as similarity analyses among states. The highest richness of bat species is found in the state of Paraná, with 64 species, followed by Santa Catarina with 46, and Rio Grande do Sul, with 40. The family Phyllostomidae plays an important role in determining this pattern. The geographical distributions of Trachops cirrhosus (Spix, 1823), Artibeus cinereus (Gervais, 1851) and Thyroptera tricolor Spix, 1823 are expanded to the state of Paraná, establishing a new southern limit for these species and for Thyropteridae. In addition Myotis dinellii Thomas, 1901 is first recorded in Brazil, in Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul, establishing a new eastern limit for this species. The distribution of Eptesicus taddeii Miranda, Bernardi & Passos, 2006 is extended by a new record in Rio Grande do Sul. An updated list of bats for the southern Brazilian states is presented with few nomenclatural adjustments. The importance of more intensive field efforts to survey the chiropterofauna is highlighted as a way to improve conservation efforts based on representative surveys and scientific collections.
As espécies do gênero Alouatta Lacépède, 1799 são sociais e formam grupos que mostram grandes variações na sua composição sexo-etária. Alouatta guariba clamitans Cabrera, 1940 é uma das espécies com escassos trabalhos que mostrem aspectos sociais deste primata. O estudo foi conduzido na Chácara Payquerê, localizada no Município de Balsa Nova, Estado do Paraná, Sul do Brasil. A área é inserida no contexto da Floresta Ombrófila Mista e faz parte da Área de Proteção Ambiental da Escarpa Devoniana. O trabalho foi conduzido de fevereiro de 2002 até junho de 2004, identificando grupos, registrando a composição sexo-etária e sua dinâmica. Foram identificados seis grupos na área de estudo, no decorrer dos três anos as médias de suas composições foram: 6,33 indivíduo/grupo; 1,47 Macho Adulto (MA)/grupo; 0,46 Machos subadultos/grupo; 2,2 Fêmeas Adultas(FA)/grupo; 1,13 Juvenis II/grupo; 0,8 Juvenis I/grupo e 0,27 Infantes/grupo. Para uma análise sobre a composição sexo-etária da espécie, os dados obtidos neste trabalho foram somados a 66 outros grupos de A. g. clamitans disponíveis na literatura (totalizando 72 grupos), sendo que as médias para a espécie foram: 6,25 indiv./grupo; 1,39 MA/grupo; 2,26 FA/grupo e 2,62 Indivíduos Imaturos/grupo. Quanto à dinâmica dos grupos registraram-se: 11 nascimentos; 25 mudanças de categoria etária; 4 indivíduos transeuntes; 1 morte/desaparecimento e a quebra de um grupo em dois. Este trabalho analisa a composição sexo-etária de A. g. clamitans além de discutir alguns aspectos da dinâmica dos grupos.
A new species of the genus Eptesicus Rafinesque (Mammalia: Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) from Atlantic Forest, Brazil is described. This species is distinct from its congeners based on external and cranial morphometrics, as well as on qualitative traits such as a more reddish coloration, more inflated muzzle and rounder ears.
Este trabalho foi feito entre fevereiro de 2002 e janeiro de 2003, na Chácara Payquerê, localizada no município de Balsa Nova, Estado do Paraná, Brasil. Os objetivos foram: quantificar o tempo empregado por A. guariba (Humboldt, 1812) comendo folhas, frutos e flores; bem como conhecer as espécies vegetais utilizadas na dieta dos bugios ruivos, em ambiente natural de Floresta de Araucária. De todo o tempo utilizado na alimentação, os bugios do Bugre empregaram: 57% comendo folhas, 41% frutos e 1,7% flores. Os bugios foram observados se alimentando em 70 árvores, pertencendo a 34 espécies em 19 famílias, incluindo um número expressivo de espécies pioneiras e duas espécies exóticas. Estes resultados sugerem uma boa capacidade deste primata em se adaptar a um ambiente parcialmente alterado e colonizar novos ambientes.
scite is a Brooklyn-based organization that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students and researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.
334 Leonard St
Brooklyn, NY 11211
Copyright © 2024 scite LLC. All rights reserved.
Made with 💙 for researchers
Part of the Research Solutions Family.