The invasion of the novel coronavirus disease quickly overshadowed the international year of the nurses and the aftereffects of COVID-19 have continued to reverberate around the world (LoGiudice & Bartos, 2021). Nurses are the biggest workforce within healthcare systems and an integral part of the management of COVID-19 pandemic (Shechter et al., 2020).Uncertainty was the main challenge to nurses that covered a wide range of concerns including, lack of information about COVID-19, changing policies, misinformation and concerns about PPE shortages, stigmatization by the public and concerns of infecting families (Preti et al., 2020). Besides the challenge to keep patients and their families safe, the emotional challenges of nurses included fear, anxiety, exhaustion, frustration, guilt and loneliness (Nelson et al., 2021). Nurses also experienced acute stress and depressive symptoms (Shechter et al., 2020). Anxieties appear to be limited to the acute phase of pandemic exposure, but life stress and burnout can be ongoing after the pandemic (Preti et al., 2020). Individuals' reactions and coping strategies differ when they are exposed to stressful incidents and events. While some react negatively to stressful and traumatic situations, resulting in psychological distress, others quickly overcome the negative mental state and return to their normal lives (LeDoux & Gorman, 2001). This may empower people who can recover and resume their lives, which is referred as psychological resilience (Slavich et al., 2021). During the COVID-19 pandemic, resilience strategies can help to alleviate emotional and psychological harm and pave the way for recovery and personal growth (Greenberg et al., 2020).
Nurses are the largest workforce within healthcare systems. They are integral to managing pandemics, but due to pandemics, Nurses encounter various traumatic situations, mainly due to distressing and stressful work life. Therefore, nurses must strengthen their resilience in coping with difficulties, adapting to new strategies, and protecting their work and daily life. If nurses have sufficient resilience strategies, burnout and the rate of leaving a job or resigning decrease, posttraumatic growth develops, and work satisfaction increases. The results showed that psychological resilience is an essential predictor of perceived stress in nurses. Protecting the mental health of nursing staff is essential for nurses to combat COVID-19 effectively. Community mental health and psychiatric nurses should develop, implement, and evaluate interventions designed to enhance psychological resilience in clinical nurses.
Aim: This scoping review paper aimed to overview the published research related to nursing students and online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic over the last year 2020-2021.
Methodology: Online Google Scholar Database was searched for articles related to nursing students and online learning during Covid 19 pandemic published between1st June 2020 to 1st June 2021.
Results: Initial search with key words “nursing students” found 20300 results, finally 39 articles were selected which meet the eligibility criteria. Majority of the authors (69.23 %) have an academic affiliation, only one single author (11.2 %) with clinical affiliation and those who had both academic and clinical were (28.19 %). Only (5.12 %) study applied any theory or conceptual frame work. The focuses of the studies selected were mainly (33.33 %) perception or attitude, (28.20 %) impact and satisfaction were as (20.52 %) focused on experiences and challenges faced. We could only find (5.12 %) studies those where funded. In the selection of research designs majority (46.15 %) adopted quantitative approach followed by (20.51 %) qualitative approaches and (10.25 %) mixed methods; others (23.07 %) included reports, editorials, reflective articles, opinions. About (94.8 %) studies were done without any collaboration with other disciplines only (5.12 %) studies were multidisciplinary.
Conclusion: Nursing teaching faculties swiftly responded to COVID-19 by conducting researches mainly adopting quantitative approaches. Nursing researches need more collaboration and funding.
The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted psychosocial factors, health infrastructure, and educational systems. According to UNICEF, the Covid-19 pandemic has battered education systems worldwide, affecting close to ninety percent of the world's student population. Indian educational institutions (schools, colleges, and universities) are based only on traditional learning methods. They follow the traditional environment of face-to-face lectures in the classroom. Disciplines like nursing and medical science which indeed need live classes, demonstrations, and clinical training, also got leashed with this pandemic. Although many academic units have also started blended learning, many units remain in the old procedures. The sudden outbreak of a deadly disease called Covid19 caused by the coronavirus (SARSCoV2) shocked the entire world. This article portrays India's educational system trend as a pandemic embraced situation from the perspective of students, teachers, parents, and other stakeholders.
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