Two types of application in damping of structures by SMA in Civil Engineering are considered. The first one is related to the reduction of the damage produced by earthquakes. The second one is concerned with the increase of the lifetime of the stayed cables in bridges. The analyses of the experimental conditions required for each application are different: Several years or decades without any activity (excepted the summer-winter room temperature parasitic effects) followed by one or two minutes of oscillations under the earthquake affects, or near 100000 oscillations per day with pauses of several hours or days in the damping of stayed cables in bridges. This article analyzes the fatigue behavior of the CuAlBe alloy (appropriate for earthquakes) and of the NiTi alloy. Measurements of the damping of stayed cables indicate that the oscillation amplitude could be reduced up to one-third by using a NiTi wire as a damper device.
Abstract:The fabrication of engineered lattice structures has recently gained momentum due to the development of novel additive manufacturing techniques. Interest in lattice structures resides not only in the possibility of obtaining efficient lightweight materials, but also in the functionality of pre-designed architectured structures for specific applications, such as biomimetic implants, chemical catalyzers, and heat transfer devices. The mechanical behaviour of lattice structures depends not only the composition of the base material, but also on the type and size of the unit cells, as well as on the material microstructure resulting from a specific fabrication procedure. The present work focuses on the static and fatigue behavior of diamond cell lattice structures fabricated from an AlSiMg alloy by laser powder bed fusion technology. In particular, the specimens were fabricated with three different orientations of lattice cells-, , -and subjected to static tensile testing and force-controlled pull-pull fatigue testing up to 1 × 10 7 cycles. In parallel, the mechanical behavior of fully dense plain and notched tensile specimens was also studied and compared to that of their lattice counterparts. Results showed a significant effect of the cell orientation on the fatigue lives: specimens oriented at  were~30% more fatigue-resistant than specimens oriented at  and .
The hysteretic damping capacity and high recoverable strains characterizing the superelastic response of shape memory alloys (SMA) make these materials attractive for protection systems of structures subjected to dynamic loads. A successful implementation however is conditioned by functional fatigue exhibited by the SMA when subjected to cyclic loading. The residual deformation upon cycling and the efficiency in material usage are the two most restrictive issues in this sense. In this paper, a device equipped with superelastic NiTi SMA wires and capable of supporting external tension compression loads with optimized properties is presented. It is shown how the introduction of the wires' pre-straining allows for the absorption of deleterious residual deformation without affecting the self-centering capabilities upon unloading, in contrast with what occurs for pre-strained tendons. These features were experimentally verified in an inscale prototype composed of two 1.2 mm diameter superelastic NiTi SMA wires. In order to numerically assess the dynamic response of a simple structure subjected to seismic excitations, a multilinear superelasticity model for the NiTi wires was developed.
scite is a Brooklyn-based organization that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students and researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.