The genetic relationships of 85 Arachis pintoi nodulating Rhizobium strains were determined using the random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) methods. The analysis included 75 strains isolated from Cerrado soils and 10 other ones of different origins. The results indicated that there is a high level of similarity between these strains and that geographic distribution may affect their phylogenetic relationship. In addition, the results allowed the selection of the most suitable primers for characterisation of these Rhizobium strains which will be useful for implementation of competitiveness studies in Cerrado soils.
Resumo -O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o potencial forrageiro de cultivares de alfafa na região de Cerrado do Estado de Minas Gerais. O delineamento experimental foi o de blocos ao acaso, com três repetições. Durante os períodos de seca e das águas, foram observadas diferenças significativas entre as cultivares quanto ao potencial de produção de forragem, teor de proteína bruta, relação folha/caule e tolerância a pragas e doenças. As cultivares Crioula e P 30 destacam-se das demais em relação ao potencial produtivo e resistência a pragas e doenças e são recomendadas para a região dos Cerrados da Zona Metalúrgica de Minas Gerais.Termos para indexação: Medicago sativa, planta forrageira, forragem, teor em matéria seca, proteína bruta, resistência a pragas. Performance of alfalfa cultivars in the Cerrado ecosystem of Minas Gerais State, BrazilAbstract -The objective of this work was to evaluate the yields of alfalfa cultivars in the Cerrado region of Minas Gerais State, Brazil. A randomized block design with three replications was used. During the dry and rainy season, significant differences were observed among cultivars for forage production, crude protein content, leaf:stem ratio, insect and disease resistance. The Crioula and P 30 cultivars had the best performance for forage production and resistance to insects and diseases. These cultivars are recommended for forage production in the Cerrado region of the Metallurgic Zone of Minas Gerais State.
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