In this paper, a four-stroke engine diesel was employed to investigate the effects of different fuel mixture ratios of diesel and ethanol on engine performance and emission characteristics in terms of cylinder temperature, heat release rate, brake power, brake thermal efficiency, brake specific fuel consumption, and cylinder pressure. The corresponding simulation model of diesel engine was developed by AVL-Fire coupled CHEMKIN code, and an improved chemical kinetics mechanism containing 34 reactions and 19 species was employed to simulate the fuel spray process and combustion process. The simulation model was validated by experimental results under 100% and 50% load conditions and used to simulate the combustion process of diesel engine fueled with pure diesel and diesel–ethanol blends with 10%, 20%, and 30% ethanol by volume, respectively. The results showed that the increase of ethanol content in the blended fuel had a certain negative impact on the performance characteristic of diesel engine and significantly improved the emission characteristic of the engine. With the ethanol proportion in the blended fuel increased to 10%, 20%, and 30%, the brake thermal efficiency of the engine increased by 2.24%, 4.33%, and 6.37% respectively. However, the brake-specific fuel consumption increased by 1.56%, 3.49%, and 5.74% and the power decreased by 1.58%, 3.46%, and 5.54% respectively. In addition, with the ethanol proportion in the blended fuel increased to 10%, 20%, and 30%, the carbon monoxide emission decreased by 34.69%, 47.60%, and 56.58%, and the soot emission decreased by 7.83%, 15.24%, and 22.52% respectively. Finally, based on the combining fuzzy and grey correlation theory, nitrogen oxide emission has the highest correlation with engine power and brake-specific fuel consumption. The values reach 0.9103 and 0.8945 respectively. It shows that nitrogen oxide emission and cylinder pressure have a significant relationship on engine power and brake-specific fuel consumption.
With the improvement and development of micro-mechanical manufacturing technology, people can produce an increasing variety of micro-electromechanical systems in recent years, such as micro-satellite thrusters, micro-sensors, micro-aircrafts, micro-medical devices, micro-pumps, and micro-motors. At present, these micro-mechatronic systems are driven by traditional energy power systems, but these traditional energy power systems have such disadvantages as short endurance time, large size, and low energy density. Therefore, efforts were made to study micro-energy dynamical systems with small size, light gravity, high density and energy, and long duration so as to provide continuous and reliable power for these systems. In general, the micro-thermal photoelectric system not only has a simple structure, but also no moving parts. The micro-thermal photoelectric system is a micro-energy power system with good application prospects at present. However, as one of the most important structural components of micro-thermal photoelectric systems, the microburner, is the key to realize the conversion of fuel chemical energy to electric energy in micro-thermal photoelectric system. The studies of how to improve the flame stability and combustion efficiency are very necessary and interesting. Thus, some methods to improve the performance of micro-burners were introduced and summarized systematically, hoping to bring some convenience to researchers in the field.
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