OBJETIVO: identificar a associação de sintomatologia depressiva com variáveis sociodemográficas, exposição e dimensões do estresse ocupacional. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: trata-se de estudo transversal, com 1.239 trabalhadores da categoria técnico-administrativa de uma universidade pública do interior do Estado de São Paulo. Foram avaliadas questões sociodemográficas, sintomatologia depressiva e ansiosa, uso problemático de álcool e estresse no trabalho. RESULTADOS: os servidores públicos relataram trabalhar sob baixa demanda psicológica e alto controle sobre o trabalho executado, além de atuar com baixa exigência. Cerca um quinto dos trabalhadores apresentou sintomatologia ansiosa e/ou depressiva e 13,2% preencheram critérios para uso problemático de álcool. CONCLUSÃO: os achados deste estudo indicam aspectos relevantes a serem enfocados por planos e estudos de intervenção, para prevenir o adoecimento mental dos trabalhadores, principalmente relacionado à sintomatologia depressiva.
O objetivo deste estudo é identificar a prevalência de transtornos mentais comuns e consumo de bebida alcoólica e tabaco entre estudantes de enfermagem de uma universidade pública da Amazônia Ocidental brasileira. Trata-se de um estudo exploratório e descritivo, utilizando-se os instrumentos AUDIT, SRQ-20 e questionário de tabagismo. Do total de estudantes, 93,4% afirmou fazer consumo de álcool de baixo risco, porém 26% afirmou beber no padrão binge pelo menos uma vez ao mês. Em relação ao tabaco, 78,6% afirmou ter usado por curiosidade e desejo de experimentar e 46,1% afirmou que "sente-se nervoso, tenso ou preocupado" e que tem "humor depressivo/ansioso". A comparação dos resultados possibilita o planejamento de programas de prevenção mais condizentes com as características e necessidade de cada comunidade.
Objective:to review and synthesize qualitative research on the links between early-life
stress and addiction behaviours in adulthood. Method:metasynthesis to review qualitative research findings based on procedures that
outline how to identify themes or constructs across studies in a specific area.
Comprehensive searches of multiple electronic databases were performed. The
initial search yielded 1050 articles and the titles and abstracts were screened
for inclusion based on predetermined criteria. Thirty-eight full text,
peer-reviewed articles were retrieved and assessed by three independent reviewers.
Twelve articles were eligible for full review and appraised using the Critical
Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) tools. Results:the findings revealed that clear associations exist between early-life stress and
addictive behaviours in adulthood, such as between trauma in childhood, violence,
and addictive behaviours. A common theme in the findings indicates that
participants turn to addictive substances as a way of strategically coping with
stressful childhood experiences, regardless of the harmful side effects or
detrimental social outcomes. Conclusion:it can be inferred that addiction may be viewed as a way to deal with adversity in
childhood and that there is an interrelationship between addiction, domestic
violence and crime.
A sobrecarga de cuidadores de pacientes com esquizofrenia: uma revisão integrativa da literaturaThe burden of caregivers to patients with schizophrenia: a bibliographic literature review Sobrecarga de cuidadores de pacientes con esquizofrenia: una revisión integrativa de literatura
Objective: to analize the relationship between depression and work stress in nursing
professionals with technical education level of a teaching hospital in a city of
the state of São Paulo. Methods: a cross-sectional study was carried out with 310 nursing technicians and nursing
assistants, randomly selected. The outcome analyzed was the report of depression
and its relationship with high levels of work stress, measured using the Job
Stress Scale. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression were performed. Results: the prevalence of depression in this study was 20%, and it was more expressive in
females, aged over 40 years, living without a partner and in smokers. The chance
of depression was twice as high among professionals showing high levels of work
stress, even after multiple regression adjusting. Conclusion: depressive symptoms were strongly associated with high stress levels among
nursing assistants and nursing technicians, evidencing a problem to be considered
along with the planning of specific intervention programs for this population, as
well as the need for better cases management by the supervisors.
This is a quantitative, descriptive and exploratory research, with cross-sectional design that investigated the stressors experienced by nursing technicians working in general hospital and identified the coping strategies most used by them. The sample contained 310 participants. A sociodemographic questionnaire and the Ways of Coping Scale were used. For the analysis we used descriptive statistics and calculated the Cronbach's alpha. 60% of professionals used the strategies focused on the problem; 57.4% attributed their stress to working conditions, 26.8% to relationships in the workplace, 5.5% to the lack of reward at work and only 0.6% to problems personal. We conclude that strategies focused on the problems were the most used, indicating an approximation of the stressor in order to fix it. The identified stressors indicate the need for planning, stimulating and recognizing nursing professionals.
The "Brave New World" envisioned a society dominated by scientific and technological progress that went as far as to subjugate and dehumanize human beings. The future foreseen in this literary work is not far from what we are currently experiencing. Thus, considering that Nursing is affected and challenged in the midst of these technological transformations, this article aims to discuss the present and future of Nursing in a society that is undergoing constant technological transformations. In the midst of a whole technological apparatus in which fundamental procedures begin to be carried out by machines, Nursing needs to begin reflecting on what would be the best posture or its differential in a world with strong technological tendencies. Future transformations are still uncertain, nonetheless they will drastically change the way individuals relate to one another and to health services. Even in the midst of these uncertainties arising from present and future technological and scientific advances, the nature of Nursing which is essentially based on human interactions, can guarantee a place of prominence for this profession in society.
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