Photooxidation of phenol has been studied in aqueous suspensions of titanium dioxide Hombikat UV100
and Degussa P25 loaded with various amounts of Pt. The rates of phenol decomposition and total carbon
removal rose by a maximum factor of 1.5 when Hombikat was loaded with 1 wt % Pt; further increase of
Pt deposition did not increase the photoactivity any more. The electron movement across the Pt−anatase
junction is discussed, and the positive influence of Pt on phenol oxidation over Hombikat is explained by
the increase of charge separation in agglomerates of primary particles. The photocatalytic activity of P25
was higher than that of platinized and pure Hombikat. But loading P25 with Pt resulted in a decrease
of phenol decomposition and total carbon removal rates. The decrease of Degussa P25 activity after
platinization means that Pt cannot further increase the efficiency of charge separation in this TiO2, whose
two-phase composition already provides a very efficient suppression of recombination in liquid photocatalytic
reaction. The charge separation in P25 is illustrated with the scheme of P25's band structure. The possible
side effects brought by Pt deposition are also discussed.
Removal from air and decomposition of dimethyl methylphosphonate (DMMP) over high surface area anatase TiO(2) at ambient temperature have been quantitatively studied by employing Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) technique under static conditions. In the first scenario of air purification, DMMP underwent reactive adsorption that upon completion was followed by photocatalytic oxidation. DMMP was captured over the TiO(2) surface at the speed of external diffusion. Hydrolysis of adsorbed DMMP led to methanol and methyl methylphosphonate (MMP). At low DMMP coverage quantity, it hydrolyzed completely with the formation of completely surface-bound methanol at 1% relative humidity (RH) and mostly gaseous methanol at 50% RH. Photocatalytic oxidation generated CO(2) as the only carbonaceous gaseous product and bidentate formates as the intermediate surface product. At high DMMP coverage quantity, it was captured incompletely and hydrolyzed partially with CH(3)OH in the gas phase only, 50% RH enhancing both processes. Photocatalytic oxidation generated gaseous HCOOH, CO, and CO(2) and was incomplete due to catalyst deactivation by nonvolatile products. In the second scenario of air purification, DMMP underwent adsorption, hydrolysis, and photooxidation at the same time. It resulted in the quickest removal of DMMP from the gas phase and completion of oxidation in 30 min, suggesting this process for practical air decontamination. At least 0.8 nm(2) of TiO(2) surface per each DMMP molecule should be available for complete purification of air.
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