Human Helminthiasis 2017
DOI: 10.5772/67273
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World Wide Epidemiology of Helminths Infection

Abstract: Helminths (from the Greek Helmins, meaning worm) include three groups of parasitic worm, large multicellular organisms with complex tissues and organs. Helminths do not replicate within the human host except Strongyloides stercoralis. Prevalence is commonly combined with worm burden (intensity of infection), which is commonly measured by the number of eggs per gram (EPGs) of faeces for intestinal helminths and schistosomes. Based on EPGs and their association with morbidity, individuals are classified into cat… Show more

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Cited by 8 publications
(6 citation statements)
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“…Schistosomiasis, also known as bilharzia and soil-transmitted helminths (STH, Ascaris lumbricoides [roundworms], Trichuris trichiura [whipworms], and hookworms) are the most prevalent parasitic infections worldwide [1]. Global estimates suggest that schistosomes infect about 230 million people while A. lumbricoides, T. trichuris and hookworms infect 1.221 billion, 795 million and 740 million people, respectively [2].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
See 1 more Smart Citation
“…Schistosomiasis, also known as bilharzia and soil-transmitted helminths (STH, Ascaris lumbricoides [roundworms], Trichuris trichiura [whipworms], and hookworms) are the most prevalent parasitic infections worldwide [1]. Global estimates suggest that schistosomes infect about 230 million people while A. lumbricoides, T. trichuris and hookworms infect 1.221 billion, 795 million and 740 million people, respectively [2].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Ninety per cent of the people infected worldwide reside in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Due to the overlap in their geographical distributions [3], schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiases can occur independently or jointly depending on the nature of risk factors and host related attributes [14]. Risk factors such as access to safe water and sanitary related practices of caregivers and children have been reported to be associated with STH infection [5, 6].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Helminths infection occurs due to the warm, humid equatorial regions and inadequate hygiene sanitation facilities [ 34 , 35 ]. The medicinal plants contain various secondary metabolites that exhibit anthelmintic activity [ 36 , 37 , 38 ].…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Helminthic diseases require a nonanimal intermediate host like humans for transmission. Billions of people are infected by helminths worldwide each year, with an estimated 130,000 deaths annually (Abdeltawabi et al, 2017). Helminth infections generally occur via ingestion of contaminated water and food, and in most cases it involves intestinal infection (Nieder et al, 2018).…”
Section: Soil Pathogensmentioning
confidence: 99%