2020
DOI: 10.3390/nu12061717
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Understanding the Composition, Biosynthesis, Accumulation and Transport of Flavonoids in Crops for the Promotion of Crops as Healthy Sources of Flavonoids for Human Consumption

Abstract: Flavonoids are a class of polyphenolic compounds that naturally occur in plants. Sub-groups of flavonoids include flavone, flavonol, flavanone, flavanonol, anthocyanidin, flavanol and isoflavone. The various modifications on flavonoid molecules further increase the diversity of flavonoids. Certain crops are famous for being enriched in specific flavonoids. For example, anthocyanins, which give rise to a purplish color, are the characteristic compounds in berries; flavanols are enriched in teas; and isoflavones… Show more

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Cited by 79 publications
(52 citation statements)
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References 147 publications
(207 reference statements)
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“…Lowering blood pressure and risk of heart failure (Zhang et al, 2018) Amines Polyamine spermine, spermidine Common bean, white clover, mung bean Antioxidant activities, reduction of cardiovascular diseases (Soda, 2010;Menéndez et al, 2019;Muñoz-Esparza et al, 2019) health benefits of phenolic acids in grain legumes have been previously summarized (Singh et al, 2017). Flavonoids are classified into several sub-classes: flavones, flavonols, flavanones, flavanonols, anthocyanins, flavanols, and isoflavones (Ku et al, 2020). Among flavonoids, isoflavones are only found in legumes.…”
Section: Pyrroloindole Alkaloidsmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…Lowering blood pressure and risk of heart failure (Zhang et al, 2018) Amines Polyamine spermine, spermidine Common bean, white clover, mung bean Antioxidant activities, reduction of cardiovascular diseases (Soda, 2010;Menéndez et al, 2019;Muñoz-Esparza et al, 2019) health benefits of phenolic acids in grain legumes have been previously summarized (Singh et al, 2017). Flavonoids are classified into several sub-classes: flavones, flavonols, flavanones, flavanonols, anthocyanins, flavanols, and isoflavones (Ku et al, 2020). Among flavonoids, isoflavones are only found in legumes.…”
Section: Pyrroloindole Alkaloidsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…For human health, it has been reported that flavonoids can act as protectants against cellular oxidation, inflammation, viral infections, and cancer (Kleemann et al, 2011). The molecular mechanisms of the health benefits of flavonoids have been recently reviewed (Ku et al, 2020).…”
Section: Pyrroloindole Alkaloidsmentioning
confidence: 99%
See 1 more Smart Citation
“…Ginkgo biloba is an important economic tree; its leaves contain valuable flavonoids, which are used as an industrial raw material for the production of G. biloba extract (GbE) to treat human cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases [ 11 ]. Flavonoids are a major class of plant secondary metabolites, which play important roles in eliminating free radicals, preventing oxidation, and protecting plant growth and development [ 12 ]. Post-harvest G. biloba leaves that were treated with 200 mmol/L NaCl were found to significantly increase the accumulation of flavonoids [ 13 ].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Flavonols are characterized by a hydroxyl group in C3 ( Table 1 ) and are often named 3-hydroxyflavones. These compounds are known to play a wide range of biological activities and are considered the main active compounds within the flavonoids group [ 36 , 37 ]. Flavonols and their glycosides are present in red and in white wines, influencing their color, taste, and health properties [ 38 ].…”
Section: Classification and Amounts Of Wine Phenolic Compoundsmentioning
confidence: 99%