2013
DOI: 10.1590/s0365-05962013000100019
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Abstract: Cutaneous endometriosis is a rare manifestation of endometriosis, representing 0.5% to 1% of all endometriosis cases. It can be divided into primary and secondary, when appearing spontaneously or after a surgical procedure, when it is mostly found on surgical scar tissue. Some etiologies were proposed, but none of them could entirely explain the appearance of the tumor. Differential diagnosis includes melanoma, metastatic nodule, keloid and pyogenic granuloma. Dermoscopic features are not yet well established,… Show more

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Cited by 34 publications
(56 citation statements)
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“…Endometriosis manifests as an umbilical nodule in less than 1% of all endometriosis cases. 1,2 Malignant transformation is a rare complication of endometriosis and is estimated to occur in 0.6-0.8% of women with ovarian endometriosis. 3 Additionally, there has been only a single report of an adenocarcinoma arising from umbilical endometriosis.…”
mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Endometriosis manifests as an umbilical nodule in less than 1% of all endometriosis cases. 1,2 Malignant transformation is a rare complication of endometriosis and is estimated to occur in 0.6-0.8% of women with ovarian endometriosis. 3 Additionally, there has been only a single report of an adenocarcinoma arising from umbilical endometriosis.…”
mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Given a considerable variability in clinical (ie, body site, depth of localization, patient phototype), and histopathological appearance (ie, different phase of menstrual cycle, different histological subtype) and no standardized dermoscopical features. CE diagnosis can be sometimes challenging . Beside and patient's phototype, lesion morphology depends on and depth and on the phase of menstrual cycle.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Beside and patient's phototype, lesion morphology depends on and depth and on the phase of menstrual cycle. Moreover, when clinical history is not suggestive (ie, absence of cutaneous bleeding) and/or clinical presentation is not typical, some differential diagnoses should be considered, including vascular tumours, amelanotic melanoma and umbilical metastasis . Dermoscopic appearance of luteal phase umbilical was first described as “red atolls” within an homogeneous reddish background, or as “reddish homogeneous pigmentation.” Costa et al.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…Less than 30% of cutaneous endometriosis presents without prior surgical operative history, which is termed as primary spontaneous cutaneous endometriosis 3 . Umbilical endometriosis is composed 0.4% to 4.0% of all endometriosis, high as two-fifths of extragenital endometrioric lesions.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%