2017
DOI: 10.1590/0037-8682-0266-2017
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Treatment adherence in patients living with HIV/AIDS assisted at a specialized facility in Brazil

Abstract: Introduction:In the 1990s, Brazil adopted a public policy that allowed for universal, free access to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Since then, treatment adherence has become a new challenge for administrators of sexually transmitted disease/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (STD/AIDS) policies. This study quantified adherence to ART and verified whether there is an association between sociodemographic variables and clinical/laboratory data in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. Methods: This… Show more

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Cited by 19 publications
(17 citation statements)
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References 23 publications
(25 reference statements)
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“…4 The ART adherence rates in Brazil vary from 20% to 84%. [5][6][7][8][9] However, the way in which this adherence to therapy is measured differs between studies. In a meta-analysis on ART adherence rates in Latin American and Caribbean countries, Costa et al 10 found that they varied according to the length of time over which the measurement was made.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
See 1 more Smart Citation
“…4 The ART adherence rates in Brazil vary from 20% to 84%. [5][6][7][8][9] However, the way in which this adherence to therapy is measured differs between studies. In a meta-analysis on ART adherence rates in Latin American and Caribbean countries, Costa et al 10 found that they varied according to the length of time over which the measurement was made.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Pinheiro et al 13 found that elderly patients had a higher adherence rate and, consequently, that a higher proportion of these patients had an undetectable viral load. Additionally, nonadherence has been correlated with use of illicit drugs, 14,15 smoking, 14,16 alcohol consumption, 16 depressive symptoms, 17 lower schooling levels and economic status, 8,15 adverse reactions, 18 symptoms of opportunistic diseases 8 and longer time between infection and receiving the diagnosis of HIV and starting treatment. 15 Interruption or irregularity of use of antiretroviral drugs is a public health problem in the fight against the HIV epidemic.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Likewise, treatment compliance seems to be determined by a number of factors such as morbidities, number of pills per day, chronic and infectious conditions, environmental factors, structural and personal factors, educational level and income (13)(14) . According to Silva et al (3) , a higher level of education can be related to a better understanding of the pathology and of the drug therapy, contributing to a greater compliance to treatment, which was also observed in the study by Myiada et al (14) . On the other hand, a low level of education has been related to a change in the profile of the patient, presenting an association not only with treatment compliance but also with virus infection itself (3,15) .…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…In M2, six individuals were graduated. Although this 101 fact contradicts the growing rates tendency of HIV infection in populations with less years of 102 education (Miyada et al, 2017), additional years of study could be a factor that has led the 31 103 patients to continually care for their health, however this statement requires better evaluation. 104…”
mentioning
confidence: 99%