Search citation statements

Paper Sections

Select...

1

1

1

1

Citation Types

4

130

0

1

Year Published

2013

2018

Publication Types

Select...

5

Relationship

1

4

Authors

Journals

(135 citation statements)

4

130

0

1

“…Finally, at the highest altitudes, the overall seasonal variation of E P that is observed with the RO sensors is reproduced by the models, but modeled E P values are smaller than those derived from RO observations by factors between 2 and 3. This is expected since the sponge layer in the ECMWF models starts strongly damping any smallscale structures above 10 hPa or ∼ 32 km (Jablonowski and Williamson, 2011; and since RO measurement noise is picking up substantially above 35 km (see Marquardt and Healy, 2005, and our analysis in Fig. 4 and corresponding discussion).…”

confidence: 60%

“…Finally, at the highest altitudes, the overall seasonal variation of E P that is observed with the RO sensors is reproduced by the models, but modeled E P values are smaller than those derived from RO observations by factors between 2 and 3. This is expected since the sponge layer in the ECMWF models starts strongly damping any smallscale structures above 10 hPa or ∼ 32 km (Jablonowski and Williamson, 2011; and since RO measurement noise is picking up substantially above 35 km (see Marquardt and Healy, 2005, and our analysis in Fig. 4 and corresponding discussion).…”

confidence: 60%

“…Since the discretization can also lead to an unphysical loss of mass or energy, mass or energy fixers are also employed to replace lost mass or energy to the system. A comprehensive overview of schemes for diffusion and stabilization schemes can be found in Jablonowski and Williamson (2011). In this section, we discuss some of the diffusion and stabilization strategies employed by the DCMIP suite of dynamical cores.…”

confidence: 99%

“…High order CG and DG methods suffer from this limitation especially when used for solving convection dominated flows. According to [20], the method often used in operational NWP models to stabilize CG and DG is to add second or higher-order artificial diffusion (AD) to the right hand side of Eq. (3).…”

confidence: 99%