2020
DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.0c00007 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: Conspectus The Industrial Revolution has resulted in social and economic improvements, but unfortunately, with the development of manufacturing and mining, water sources have been pervaded with contaminants, putting Earth’s freshwater supply in peril. Therefore, the segregation of pollutantssuch as radionuclides, heavy metals, and oil spillsfrom water streams, has become a pertinent problem. Attempts have been made to extract these pollutants through chemical precipitation, sorbents, and membranes. The limit… Show more

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“…Moreover, the well-folded skeletons of CMPs are similar to natural protein scaffolds that have evolved over millennia to chelate specific metal ions with high selectivity [22]. These intriguing properties endow CMPs with great potential to be engineered as highefficiency separation materials for entrapment of heavy metal ions [23].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
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“…Moreover, the well-folded skeletons of CMPs are similar to natural protein scaffolds that have evolved over millennia to chelate specific metal ions with high selectivity [22]. These intriguing properties endow CMPs with great potential to be engineered as highefficiency separation materials for entrapment of heavy metal ions [23].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
“…The construction of nano‐ or mesoporous structures with special functionalities and persistent shapes is a major goal for removing pollutants due to economic and environmental concerns [1–7] . Based on the morphological architectures, 2D flat frameworks are favorable for accomplishing this goal since they can provide high accessible surface area [8–11] . However, pollutants with different shapes require the bended architectures for strong surface interactions [12–13] .…”
Section: Figurementioning
“…[1][2][3][4][5][6][7] Based on the morphological architectures, 2D flat frameworks are favorable for accomplishing this goal since they can provide high accessible surface area. [8][9][10][11] However, pollutants with different shapes require the bended architectures for strong surface interactions. [12][13] Although well-ordered or disordered porous materials, like porous silica, [14][15] metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), [16][17] and covalent organic frameworks (COFs) [18][19][20] with various shapes such as fibers, sheets, cubes, and spheres have been successfully employed for pollutant extraction and preconcentration, [21] the curved porous structure generated from random crystallization of preconstructed bulky porous mate-rials based on the noncovalent interaction exhibits several deficiencies including lack of long-term stability as well as low recyclability.…”
mentioning
“…have been used previously for binding a range of molecules and ions in water. [50][51][52][53][54][55][56][57][58][59][60][61][62][63][64][65][66][67] To test our approach, here we have prepared Urea-POP-1, a urea-functionalized POP host. Urea is commonly used as a neutral hydrogen bond donor that effectively provides parallel hydrogen bonds to cooperatively bind electron rich oxyanions to offset the energetic penalty of desolvation.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning