2011
DOI: 10.1590/s0034-70942011000600014
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Abstract: Sex is an important factor in painful experience modulation. Large volume of evidence shows that experience is different for males and females, as well as the answer to some classes of analgesics. Laboratory experiments suggest that women have a lower pain threshold than men related to pain from noxious stimuli such as heat, cold, pressure and electrical stimulation. Pain is a dynamic phenomenon under the influence of various mechanisms of excitatory and inhibitory control. The differences in pain perception r… Show more

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Cited by 17 publications
(13 citation statements)
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“…It is possible that this occurs due to the lower pain threshold of the male sex in comparison with the female sex. However, reports in the literature have demonstrated the contrary, because diverse factors are considered responsible for the differences in perception between the sexes, with emphasis on the great prevalence of pain in the female sex, among these the biological factors, such as the sex hormones, which represent one of the main mechanisms that explain these differences in pain perception between the sexes .…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…It is possible that this occurs due to the lower pain threshold of the male sex in comparison with the female sex. However, reports in the literature have demonstrated the contrary, because diverse factors are considered responsible for the differences in perception between the sexes, with emphasis on the great prevalence of pain in the female sex, among these the biological factors, such as the sex hormones, which represent one of the main mechanisms that explain these differences in pain perception between the sexes .…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…El dolor es una experiencia subjetiva que puede variar entre individuos en cuanto a intensidad y afrontamiento 25 ; no obstante, minimizarlo es una de las principales preocupaciones para enfermería, lo cual ha motivado distintos estudios que pretenden encontrar la técnica ideal en la administración de inyecciones para disminuir el dolor, entre las cuales -la elección del sitio para la inyección-ha sido considerada un factor importante, idea a la que se suma este proyecto.…”
Section: Discussionunclassified
“…36,11 Many times this results in an increased response from the dorsal neurons to the entry of afferent signals and a consequent increase of information to the encephalon, a phenomenon known as central sensitization. 21,25 The pain intensity was 5.44 points, which was classified as moderate when the values were within the range of (4-6) and severe at (7-10) by the numerical scale of pain. 29 The average pain intensity for paraplegics was 5.76 ± 3.12, and for quadriplegics it was 4.13 ± 3.18, which is in conformity with the findings by Ulrich et al 35 where the pain intensity was 5.62 for paraplegics, however, it was lower for quadriplegics with 3.67, even though no significant differences were found between the diagnoses.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…For example, in the data from Finnerup et al 7 in which there was an increased risk of pain for males over that for females. According to Palmeira et al 21 females report a more intense pain, more frequent episodes, anatomically more diffuse, and more lasting than males with similar diseases, even when disorders specific to the gender, such as male urological and female gynecological pain, are excluded from the analysis.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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